吉百齡

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吉百齡

吉百齡(Joseph Rudyard Kipling1865年12月30號1936年1月18號)係英國作家詩人。吉百齡響印度出世,佢因為佢嘅作出名,好似The Jungle Book (1894年)、The Second Jungle Book (1895年)、 Just So Stories (1902年)、 Puck of Pook's Hill (1906年),重有小說Kim(1901年),詩Mandalay(1890年)、Gunga Din (1890年)同 "If—" (1910年);重有好多短篇,The Man Who Would Be King(1888年),同書集Life's Handicap (1891年), The Day's Work (1898年), and Plain Tales from the Hills (1888年)。

吉百齡被譽為短篇小說藝術創新之人[1]。而佢寫畀細路睇嘅書更加係經典;佢至正嘅對白寫得多變,旁白寫得透澈。[2][3]

吉百齡係英國19、20世紀其中一個,好受歡迎嘅散文作家。[1]佢嘅才華影響過唔少作家。[1]1907年,佢重得到諾貝爾文學獎,而且佢重係第一個英文作家攞獎,同埋最後生嘅得主。[4]響芸芸榮譽中,佢質疑亦都拒絕咗英國御用詩人同封爵。[5]

之不過,吉百齡畀George Orwell等人視為"大英帝國嘅先知"[6]好多人都批評過佢嘅作品有偏見同偏軍國主義[7][8]。咁就成個20世界都係講佢呢點有爭論[9][10]。評論人Douglas Kerry講過,"He is still an author who can inspire passionate disagreement and his place in literary and cultural history is far from settled. But as the age of the European empires recedes, he is recognized as an incomparable, if controversial, interpreter of how empire was experienced. That, and an increasing recognition of his extraordinary narrative gifts, make him a force to be reckoned with."[11]

[編輯]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rutherford, Andrew. 1987. General Preface to Oxford World's Classics Editions of Rudyard Kipling, in "Puck of Pook's Hill and Rewards and Fairies", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-282575-5
  2. Rutherford, Andrew. 1987. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "Plains Tales from the Hills", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-281652-7
  3. James Joyce considered Tolstoy, Kipling and D'Annunzio to be the "three writers of the nineteenth century who had the greatest natural talents", but that "he did not fulfill that promise". He also noted that the three writers all "had semi-fanatic ideas about religion, or about patriotism." Diary of David Fleischman, 21 July 1938, quoted in James Joyce by Richard Ellmann, p. 661, Oxford University Press (1983) ISBN 0-19-281465-6
  4. Alfred Nobel Foundation. Who is the youngest ever to receive a Nobel Prize, and who is the oldest?. nobelprize.org. 2006-09-30. 喺2006-09-30搵到;. 
  5. Birkenhead, Lord. 1978. Rudyard Kipling, Appendix B, “Honours and Awards”. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London; Random House Inc., New York.
  6. Orwell, George. Essay on Kipling. 2006-09-30. 喺2006-09-30搵到;. 
  7. Lewis, Lisa. 1995. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "Just So Stories", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. pp.xv-xlii. ISBN 0-19-282276-4
  8. Quigley, Isabel. 1987. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "The Complete Stalky & Co.", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. pp.xiii-xxviii. ISBN 0-19-281660-8
  9. Said, Edward. 1993. Culture and Imperialism. London: Chatto & Windus. Page 196. ISBN 0-679-75054-1.
  10. Sandison, Alan. 1987. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of Kim, by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. pp. xiii–xxx. ISBN 0-19-281674-8.
  11. Douglas Kerr, University of Hong Kong. "Rudyard Kipling." The Literary Encyclopedia. 30 May. 2002. The Literary Dictionary Company. 26 September 2006. [1]