抗議反翻版法案

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢
英文維基百科閂埋嘅時候,網友只能夠睇到呢個屏幕截圖

抗議反翻版法案美國一場抗議運動,抗議美國國會議員提出兩項法案,用來對付翻版。兩者係《禁止網絡盜版法案》(SOPA)同《保護知識產權法案》(PIPA)。佢哋擴大商家知識產權嘅保障範圍,侵犯個人權利。喺美國國會表決前,美國各界紛紛反對。網絡上人,搞咗形形式式嘅抗議。因爲抗議,國會擱置兩法案。

2012年1月18號19號國會表決前夕,英文維基百科都閂站抗議(English Wikipedia blackout)[1]

背景[編輯]

美國國會眾議院參議院分別喺2011年10月26號同早前嘅5月12號推出咗《禁止網絡盜版法案》同《保護知識產權法案》。呢兩個法案有好多人抗議,同埋引起咗1,800幾個英文維基百科用户嘅討論同埋商量對策。最後,英文維基百科為咗表達自己反對呢兩個法案通過嘅立場,史無前例喺2012年1月16號宣布會喺兩日後全球性將成個英文維基百科閂埋24個鐘。維基媒體基金會都話支持[2]

各方反應[編輯]

閂之前[編輯]

呢次事件受到好多媒體嘅關注,包括澳洲廣播公司[3]CBC[4]英國廣播公司[5]der Spiegel[6]Le Figaro[7]Le Monde[8]Libération[9]霍士新聞頻道[10]The Guardian[11]、Menafn[12]News Limited[13]天空新聞台[14]The Age[15]The Hindu[16] The New York Times[17][18]The Washington Post[19]The Wall Street Journal[20]以及The Times of India[21]

參考資料[編輯]

  1. Websites blackout in SOPA anti-piracy protest. News.com.au. 19 January 2012. 喺19 January 2012搵到;. 
  2. 维基媒体基金会所发布的正式声明. . 喺2012-01-16搵到;. Template:Ca(英文)(法文)Template:Fa iconTemplate:PlTemplate:Ru(越南文)
  3. Wikipedia to go dark in piracy protest. ABC Australia. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  4. Wikipedia to go dark tonight protesting anti-piracy act. CBC. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  5. Wikipedia joins web blackout in Sopa Act protest. BBC. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  6. Wikipedia schaltet ab - aus Protest. spiegel.de. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  7. Google se voile de noir pour protester contre la loi SOPA. Le Figaro. January 17, 2012. 喺January 19, 2012搵到; (French). 
  8. Loi antipiratage : Wikipedia va fermer pendant 24 heures. lemonde.fr. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  9. Sophian Fanen. Projet de loi Sopa : Internet piqué de grève. liberation.fr. . 喺January 19, 2012搵到;. 
  10. Wikipedia to go Dark 24 Hours. Fox News. January 17, 2012. 
  11. Sweney, Mark. Wikipedia's blackout looms. The Guardian. January 17, 2012. 喺January 19, 2012搵到;. 
  12. Wikipedia to shut down in censorship row. Menafn.com. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  13. Wikipedia will black out for a whole day.... Oh, the horror. News Limited. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  14. Wikipedia Blackout In Anti-Piracy Law Protest. Sky News. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  15. Wilkins, Georgia. Anti-piracy protest triggers Wikipedia shutdown. The Age. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  16. Wikipedia to go dark against U.S. anti-piracy bill. The Hindu. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  17. Wortham, Jenna. Wikipedia to Go Dark on Wednesday to Protest Bills on Web Piracy. The New York Times. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  18. Wortham, Jenna. Protest on Web Uses Shutdown to Take On Two Piracy Bills. NYTimes. January 17, 2012. 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  19. Bell, Melissa. Wikipedia blackout coming Jan. 18, says co-founder Jimmy Wales. The Washington Post. . 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. 
  20. Wikipedia Plans Blackout Over Piracy Bill - WSJ.com. The Wall Street Journal (New York: Dow Jones). January 17, 2012. 喺January 17, 2012搵到;. ISSN 0099-9660. 
  21. Wikipedia to shut down for 24 hours - The Times of India

睇埋[編輯]