海豚館

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
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Three dolphins jumping at a trainer's command in an artificial pool, while being shown on a big screen television.
Orca dolphins performing in Shamu stadium at SeaWorld in Orlando, Florida

海豚館(海豚水族館)係專門養海豚海獸館水族館海豚通常畀人困住響一個大水池裏面。飼養鯨豚類嘅風氣大約喺1860年代開始出現,而第一個正式用作商業嘅海豚館喺1938年開業。直到1970年代,關注動物權益風氣一度收緊對海豚水族館嘅經營,但並無影響歐洲日本北美洲嘅擴張。

海豚水族館主要養樽鼻海豚

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The structure has a round roof with a large skylight.
The exterior of the Boudewijn Seapark dolphinarium in Bruges, Belgium

The water in the pools has to be constantly filtered to keep it clean for the dolphins and the spectators, and the temperature and composition of the water has to be controlled to match the conditions dolphins experience in the wild. In the absence of a common international regulation, guidelines regarding the minimum size of the pools vary between countries.[1] To give an indication of pool sizes, the European Association for Aquatic Mammals recommends that a pool for five dolphins should have a surface area of 275 m 2 (Template:Convert/ft2) plus an additional 75 m 2 (Template:Convert/ft2) for every additional animal, have a depth of 3.5 m (11 ft) for at least the minimum surface area and have a water volume of at least Template:Convert/m3 with an additional Template:Convert/m3 for every additional animal. If two of these three conditions are met and the third is not more than 10% below standard, the EAAM considers the pool size to be acceptable.[2]

睇埋[編輯]

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  1. 引用錯誤 無效嘅<ref>標籤; 無文字提供於名為UNEP嘅參照
  2. Recommended EAAM dolphin housing standards, retrieved 22 November, 2009

睇多啲[編輯]

Johnson, William. The Rose-tinted Menagerie. Heretic Books. April 1994. ISBN 978-0946097289. 

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