虎甲蟲

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
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虎甲蟲/虎甲
Lophyra sp(坦桑尼亞種)
Lophyra sp(坦桑尼亞種)
物種分類
界 (Regnum): 動物界
門 (Phylum): 節肢動物門
綱 (Classis): 昆蟲綱
目 (ordo): 鞘翅目(Coleoptera)
亞目 (Subordo): 肉食亞目(Adephaga)
科 (familia): 步甲科(Carabidae)
亞科 (Subfamilia): Cicindelinae
Latreille,1802
Tribes

Cicindelini
Collyridini
Ctenostometatini
Manticorini
Megacephalini
Omini

Synonyms

Cicindelidae Latreille,1802

Museum specimen of Manticora sp. from Mozambique.
Cicindela chinensis

虎甲蟲,又叫虎甲,係一種兇猛嘅食肉甲蟲。直到2005年為止,大概有2600個品種,主要分布於新熱帶界。最快嘅虎甲蟲時速可達9公里,依照身體比例計,相當於奧運選手Michael Johnson嘅22倍[1]

Cicindela aurofasciata from India, showing the large eyes and mandibles

身體特徵[編輯]

虎甲蟲有大眼,長腳。不論大細都係食肉嘅。除咗Cicindela種同Tetracha種有彩色斑紋外,其餘品種都係單色。

現時最大嘅虎甲蟲屬Manticora種,佢哋分布響南非嘅沙漠一帶。

虎甲蟲係一個良好嘅生態指標。有啲冇翼嘅寄生蜂(例如Methocha種)會將啲蛋生落虎甲蟲嘅身體度,等啲仔第時有嘢食[2]

系統[編輯]

德國昆蟲學家Walther Hermann Richard Horn(Walther Horn)將虎甲蟲分以下嘅屬:

  • Ambalia Jeannel, 1946
  • Amblycheila Say, 1829
  • Aniara (genus)|Aniara Hope, 1838
  • Abroscelis Hope, 1838
  • Callytron
  • Calomera
  • Cicindela Linné, 1758
  • Cephalota Dokhtouroff, 1883
  • Cenothyla
  • Chaetodera
  • Chiloxia Guerin
  • Chilonycha
  • Collyris
  • Cosmodela
  • Ctenostoma Klug
  • Cylindera Westwood, 1831
  • Doromica
  • Eucallia
  • Habrodera
  • Heptodonta
  • Hipparidium
  • Homodela Rivalier, 1950
  • Hypaetha LeConte, 1860
  • Iresia Dejean
  • Lophyridia
  • Lophyra
  • Manticora (genus)|Manticora]] Fabricius, 1781
  • Megacephala Latreille, 1802
  • Myriochile Motschulsky, 1858
  • Naviauxella
  • Neocollyris
  • Odontochila Castelnau
  • Omus Eschscholtz, 1829
  • Oxychila Dejean
  • Oxygonia Mannerheim
  • Pentacomia
  • Phaeoxantha Chaudoir
  • Physodeutera Lacordaire
  • Picnochila
  • Platychila
  • Pogonostoma
  • Pometon
  • Pronyssa
  • Pronyssiformia
  • Prothymia
  • Prothymidia
  • Pseudoxychila Guerin
  • RopaloteresGuerin-Meneville, 1849
  • Tetracha Hope, 1838
  • Therates
  • Tricondyla

Footnotes[編輯]

  1. Cornell News, Jan. 16, 1998 When tiger beetles chase prey at high speeds they go blind temporarily, Cornell entomologists learn
  2. Burdick, D.J. and Wasbauer, M.S. 1959. Biology of Methocha californica Westwood (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae). Wasmann Jour. Biol. 17:75-88. Department of Environmental Conservation

Bibliography[編輯]

  • Further new country records of African Tiger Beetles with some taxonomical note (Coleoptera, Cicindelidae) by Peter Schüle. Entomologia Africana 15(2)2010.
  • The Tiger beetles of Africa by Karl Werner, Taita Publishers 2000.
  • A Quantitative Analysis of Species Descriptions of Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera Cicindelidae), from 1758 to 2004, and Notes about Related Developments in Biodiversity Studies by D.L. Pearson and F. Cassola. The Coleopterists Bulletin Vol 59, n°2, June 2005.
  • Tiger Beetles of Alberta: Killers on the Clay, Stalkers on the Sand by John Acorn. University of Alberta Press, 2001.
  • Tiger Beetles: The Evolution, Ecology, and Diversity of the Cicindelids by David L. Pearson and Alfried P. Vogler. Cornell University Press, 2001.
  • A Field Guide to the Tiger Beetles of the United States and Canada by David L. Pearson, C. Barry Knisley and Charles J. Kazilek. Oxford University Press, 2005.
  • The Beetles of the World, volumes 13 [1], 15 [2], 18 [3] & 20 [4] by Karl Werner, Sciences Nat, Venette, 1991, 1992, 1993 & 1995.