矮精靈

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去導覽 跳去搵嘢
呢幅圖畫描繪咗廿世紀起嘅典型 leprechaun 嘅形象。
2018 年美國一地聖柏德歷節慶祝上嘅 leprechaun 形氣球
一幅圖畫描繪畫畫人想像中嘅 leprechaun。

矮精靈ngai2 zing1 ling4英文Leprechaun)係一種傳說生物,常見於愛爾蘭民間傳說,有陣時會畀人當係仙子嘅一種[1]

喺廿一世紀初,矮精靈係愛爾蘭民間傳說當中最出名嘅角色之一,成日畀人同愛爾蘭聯想埋一齊。

形象[編輯]

睇埋:仙子

喺廿世紀打前,矮精靈嘅形象通常係「獨行,望落似生得好矮-得大約 3 咁高[2]-嘅人類,鍾意惡作劇」。根據當時啲人嘅諗法,矮精靈唔似得仙子噉會造成真正嘅危險-例如嗰時嘅傳說話,仙子好興拐帶細路,而矮精靈唔會做埋嗮啲噉嘅壞事,頂攏係會整蠱吓人同為人帶嚟不便[3]

到咗廿世紀,矮精靈嘅形象有少少變咗:矮精靈依然係「生得細粒鍾意惡作劇」;但外形通常會特定係「鬍鬚濃密、得大約 3 呎咁高嘅男人」,其他常見嘅特徵包括著住綠色衫、戴住綠色帽、曉造同埋會收埋黃金... 等等;喺性格上,矮精靈多數係聰明又古惑-啲故仔成日講到,有人類想捉住矮精靈搵出佢哋收埋嘅黃金,但矮精靈詭計多端,好多時人類望向第度再望返轉頭,矮精靈就已經唔見咗[4]

睇埋[編輯]

[編輯]

  1. Briggs, Katharine. An Encyclopedia of Fairies: Hobgoblins, Brownies, Bogies, and Other Supernatural Creatures. New York: Pantheon, 1978.
  2. McAnally, David Russell (1888). Irish Wonders: The Ghosts, Giants, Pookas, Demons, Leprechawns, Banshees, Fairies, Witches, Widows, Old Maids, and Other Marvels of the Emerald Isle. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin.
  3. Winberry, John J. (1976). "The Elusive Elf: Some Thoughts on the Nature and Origin of the Irish Leprechaun". Folklore. 87 (1): 63-75.
  4. Diane Negra, ed. (22 February 2006). The Irish in Us: Irishness, Performativity, and Popular Culture. Duke University Press.

[編輯]