考底利耶

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考底利耶Kautilya 或者 Chanakya)(c. 350–275 BCE)[1]前4世紀古印度政治家、哲學家,婆羅門,曾經幫旃陀羅笈多一世建立孔雀王朝。擅長權謀,後來忌人將渠叫做「印度馬基雅維利」,渠寫忌《政事論》(Arthashastra),係古印度重要政治文獻。

渠本來係古代塔克西拉大學忌一個老師,幫第一任孔雀皇帝旃陀羅笈多一世向後生嗰陣攞到權力。考底利耶向孔雀帝國忌建立入邊發揮咗重要作用。孔雀帝國係考古學上有記載忌第一次統一印度次大陸忌王國。考底利耶同時做咗旃陀羅笈多一世同渠忌仔賓頭娑羅忌首席顧問。

考底利耶係印度經濟學政治學忌先驅,亦都係早期創立古典經濟學忌重要人物[2][3][4][5],喺政治學上面忌研究早過馬基雅維利約莫一千八百年[6]。考底利耶寫忌書約莫喺笈多王朝末期失傳,1915年先搵返[3]

逝世[編輯]

關於考底利耶忌真實死因,我等知得毋多,而且有拗撬。一種講法係,渠根據耆那教傳統隱退到叢林,然後自己絕食而死。[7]另一種講法係,賓頭娑羅忌丞相毋中意考底利耶,設計陷害渠,重將渠活埋致死。[8]

參考[編輯]

  1. S. K. Agarwal (1 September 2008). Towards Improving Governance. Academic Foundation. p. 17. ISBN 978-81-7188-666-1. 喺2012-06-06搵到.
  2. L. K. Jha, K. N. Jha (1998). "Chanakya: the pioneer economist of the world", International Journal of Social Economics 25 (2-4), p. 267–282.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Waldauer, C., Zahka, W.J. and Pal, S. 1996. Kauṭilya's Arthashastra: A neglected precursor to classical economics 互聯網檔案館歸檔,歸檔日期2012年2月19號,.. Indian Economic Review, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, pp. 101-108.
  4. Tisdell, C. 2003. A Western perspective of Kauṭilya's Arthasastra: does it provide a basis for economic science? Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Paper No. 18. Brisbane: School of Economics, The University of Queensland.
  5. Sihag, B.S. 2007. Kauṭilya on institutions, governance, knowledge, ethics and prosperity. Humanomics 23 (1): 5-28.
  6. Herbert H. Gowen (1929). and in a much more conventional world.or Political Theory in India Two Thousand Years Ago, Political Science Quarterly 44 (2), p. 173–192.
  7. Journal of Indian History. University of Kerala. 1949. p. 211. 喺2013-02-07搵到.
  8. Nury Vittachi (2007). The Kama Sutra of Business: Management Principles From Indian Classics. Wiley India Pvt. Limited. p. 87. ISBN 978-81-265-1454-0. 喺2012-06-06搵到.