蔴黃

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
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蔴黃粵拼maa4 wong4),又寫麻黃,係種由蔴黃屬啲植物提取出嚟嘅鹼類。

雖然喺中國,已經被用做中醫用途超過成兩千年歷史[1][2]美國原住民摩爾門教早期教徒攞佢嚟整茶。喺1994年FIFA世界盃入面,阿根廷球員馬勒當拿俾藥檢組織驗到蔴黃素[3],加上喺1997年俾FDA查到佢提煉出嘅蔴黃素會搞出中風心肌梗塞同命仔凍過水啲𠮨嘢事之後而將蔴黃列為禁藥[4]

因為佢可以提取到蔴黃鹼用嚟整冰毒,所以從2004年開始,美國FDA將佢連同冰毒一齊列入毒品範疇[5]

[編輯]

  1. Abourashed E, El-Alfy A, Khan I, Walker L (2003). "Ephedra in perspective--a current review". Phytother Res. 17 (7): 703–12. doi:10.1002/ptr.1337. PMID 12916063.
  2. Kee C. Huang (12 December 2010). The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs, Second Edition. CRC Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-4200-4826-1.
  3. "Maradona's fall from grace", by John May. From the BBC, published April 19, 2004. Accessed March 15, 2007.
  4. "Dietary Supplements Containing Ephedrine Alkaloids; Proposed Rule" 互聯網檔案館歸檔,歸檔日期2007年2月14號,., from the Federal Register, June 4, 1997. Accessed 7 February 2007.
  5. "FDA Final Rule Banning Dietary Supplements With Ephedrine Alkaloids Becomes Effective". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 喺7 February 2007搵到.