↑Turnbull, Constance Mary (2009). "Ch 2. "This Spirited and Splendid Little Colony," 1826-1867". A History of Modern Singapore 1819-2005 (英文). Singapore: NUS Press. p. 57. ISBN9789971694302. She enjoyed a short-lived boom when Canton was closed during the First Opium War, but the founding of Hong Kong in 1841, followed by the opening of five China treaty ports, dashed Singapore's hopes of cornering the China trade.
↑"Heads of the Force 1841-1945". 《Hong Kong Police Force (香港警務處)》 (英文). 原先內容歸檔喺2021年5月19號. 喺2021年9月3號搵到. After the founding of Hong Kong, Charles Elliot, the British Plenipotentiary, appointed Captain William Caine of the 26th Infantry Regiment as Chief Police Magistrate to maintain law and order on the island. Having the post filled by a military man reflected the infancy of the occupation.