Wikipedia:楔位文章

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Blue check.png 呢頁描述維基百科一指引呢樣指引唔係正式政策,但好多維基編者都接受。請自由改呢頁,不過如果想大改,之前請先傾下
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WP:STUB

楔位文章(讀音:sip³ wai² man⁴ zoeng¹)係響維基百科裏面,未引起各編輯足夠關注注釋文章。而呢啲文章,又未夠料成為真正嘅文章。即係,佢地太過短,又或者太少資料,而要加多啲先叫做有用。楔位文嘅價值,就係佢係變成一篇完整文章嘅第一步。

呢篇文嘅目的就係為楔位文章作個指引。呢度期望每位用者都睇過點先算楔位嗰段。即係文章嘅頭半截。額外資料則係留畀有興趣嘅高階用者,可睇可唔睇。

點先算楔位[編輯]

一篇文章之所以叫佢楔位,就係佢太過短,但又唔係短到無用。一般來講,佢最少可以定義到標題,大約三到十句短句,少過二百字。如果主題係好複雜嘅,可能再長啲都係楔位文章。如果唔係,一篇範圍好窄嘅短文,都未必係楔位文。

另一種定義係篇文重未完成,而寫嗰個對主題知得太少,單憑好表面響互聯網搵下,睇咗幾分鐘參考書,都可以改善到嘅,呢啲就係楔位文章。假如篇文只有對呢方面好有研究嘅人先寫到,又或者要自己深入研究先可以改善,咁呢類就未必算係楔位文章。

有咁上下長嘅文,只係唔似維基文,又或要執執嘅,一般都唔算係楔位文。跟手續做只係加一個清理提示響上面就得。或者篇文短到無乜料到,就將提名佢掉咗佢,又或拼埋入另一篇有關嘅文章。維基百科唔係字典。你篇文真係太短,你可交畀佢兄弟維基辭典。好啲嘅,就加多啲資料啦。

楔位文一但加到夠晒,唔再係楔位,你或其他編輯都可以拎走個楔位嘜。任何人都可以做,唔使要乜批准。

楔位分類[編輯]

寫緊或搵到短文之後,一定要插楔位模入去,等大家知道佢係楔位文章。一般來講,楔位模係要放到底下,響一啲定咗位嘢前面,例如類同埋唔同語言維基嘅互聯。如果有外部連結,就多數放響佢後面。

楔位模要有兩部份:一係短文係某一類同鼓勵人去寫多啲;二係要跟埋一個楔位類,個類係跟埋佢個主題。

有時主楔位類太多,就好難搵文章,咁就要再細分。好似生物學家,會響生物楔位類搵文章。佢可以好容搵完後,加加減減。

一般來講,楔位模個名係跟佢主題。要知道有乜楔位模,就要去Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub types。整篇楔位文章嗰時,揀楔位模應該有咁精細得咁精細。咁就慳返其他人時間,唔使做太多嘢。如果一篇文,兩類都可能,咁可以插兩個唔同嘅模入去。但多過兩個就唔好喇。

同楔位文有關嘅嘢都會集中響Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting(縮做WP:WSS)。佢係呢方面嘅主要參考。

理想嘅楔位文章[編輯]

當你寫緊楔位文章,有一樣一定要記住,就係篇文個目標係要擴展。為咗咁,最理想係有足夠資料畀其他人去擴展。你初步要睇過下書,響網上用GoogleYahoo!Windows Live Search(MSN Search) 搵過下資料。做少少研究,咁先可以確保你嘅版本係啱,同埋係中立嘅。

一開始定義或描述一下個主題。定義上唔可以有謬誤。如果當係定義唔到,你就都應該將主題寫清楚同有資料嘅描述。例如,某人出名乜嘢,響邊度出名,因乜嘢出名。又或對事件嘅基本描述。

之後,你盡可能對基本定義寫多啲。之前講過嘅研究方法,可以幫你搵到足夠基本資料。一旦你有幾句寫得好,你就可以將啲字連去其他相關主題。不過就唔好有理無理都連埋。萬一你有懷疑,可以預覽一下,響一個乜都唔知嘅人角度睇篇文。如果無乜字有關連,就唔好連。

你交咗篇文上去後,篇文可能畀有興趣嘅人寫多啲charabia,又或者你有時間,你自已再畀多啲資料。

搵楔[編輯]

Category:楔類 裏面有成個楔類一覽同埋有乜文章跟住。
Wikipedia:需求最大嘅楔
Wikipedia:短文

附加資料[編輯]

新楔類[編輯]

如果你知道某啲楔類唔係太啱某個類別,又或者家下某啲楔類大到要再分門別類。你可以去Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals提議新楔類。但響你拎出來傾之前,你要確保你係諗過以下六點:

  1. 呢個楔係係咪原來就有?
    個表度搵下。
  2. 新類係咪可以幫到其他專家去搵來文來改善呢?
    記得新楔類係有用嘅,搵到人來擴充嘅。
  3. 新類係咪填補到現有空缺,又或者係咪一個定義得好嘅子類?
    新類好可能係多個現有類別嘅子類。好似籃球傳記鍥類,就係體育傳記楔類同埋籃球楔類嘅仔。
  4. 新楔係咪有咁上下成員?點樣保證到有返咁上下成員?
    一段來講,個數目係一百到三百篇。如果係WikiProject就不在此限。一般來講,新類最少有六篇。
  5. 你嘅新類會唔會同其他重覆?
    好似地理楔係跟地方,咁就唔會整個山楔同河楔。
  6. 如果你響現在類別開一個仔,咁會唔會對阿爸個類成員數目有好大影響?
    呢一個唔一定需要,但佢係以前開現有楔類推動力。

如果你諗嘅到啱晒以上六點,咁就去Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals度提議啦。假如一個禮拜都無反對,就開新楔類。

做楔模[編輯]

注: 未響Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals傾過之前,唔好做新楔模。

等到大家同意之後,你就要做個模畀顯示文章係楔位嘅。個名一定要規則,跟住咁做:Template:主題。想知多啲資料,就參考下呢度

以上係新楔模嘅基本格式:

<div id="stub" style="clear:both;"><hr> {| style="background-color:transparent" |[[Image:Science-symbol-2.png|30px|寫緊]] | 呢篇'''{{PAGENAME}}'''係關於[[XXX]]嘅[[Wikipedia:楔位文章|楔位文章]],重未完成嘅。麻煩你幫手<span class="plainlinks">[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} 補充]</span>佢嘅內容。 |} </div> <includeonly>[[Category:XXX楔類]]</includeonly> <noinclude> ---- 用呢個模嘅都歸入[[:Category:XXX楔類]]。 [[Category:楔模]] </noinclude>

你或者會用呢個抄到你個新模,然後改到啱你個主題。例如將XXX改做地理。個主題一定要有一篇發展緊嘅文而佢又唔屬於其他楔。同理要有合適嘅類,等佢同其他相關嘅會自動歸埋一齊。當佢要放入系統,新模就可以{{地理楔}}。你亦都可以加一個和英文維基相同嘅模名。{{geo-stub}},方便輸入。

如果想整個新楔容易啲,可以用跟下面寫:

{{subst:metastub|article=A|category=B}}

This will produce a message saying "This A is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it" and will put stubs in category named "B stubs", just like the above manual method.

It is also possible to add a small image to the stub template (the "stub icon"). However, this is discouraged because it increases the strain on the Wikipedia servers. If you still wish to use images, apply formatting such as that provided by {{MetaPicstub}} (and remember to use it with the subst: prefix). Also the image must be either in the public domain or have a free license. Wikipedia policy is that fair use images are not to be used in any templates and that of course includes stub templates.

Creating the stub category[編輯]

NB: do not create new stub categories prior to discussing them at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals.

Next, you will need to create a category to hold the articles which will have the new stub tag attached to them. Do this before you add your new template to any articles.

To start editing it, you should follow the red category link on the stub template you have created. In this case, it would appear as Category:Road stubs. Here is the basic format for stub categories:

{{Stub Category|article=[[A]]s or [[A]]|newstub=B|category=C}}
  • A: Insert the description of the category here. In this case it would be roads, you can expand the description by adding additional terms. So you could, for example, add road transportation.
  • B: Insert the name of the new stub here.
  • C: Insert the name of an appropriate higher level non-stub category, for this example it would be road transport.

This syntax does four things, it:

  1. adds the Category:Road stubs to Category:Stub categories
  2. provides a description of the category
  3. displays the stub text
  4. inserts this category into a higher level category, in this case the Category:Road stubs will be a member of Category:Road transport.

So, in this example, the formatting would look like this:

{{Stub Category|article=[[Road]]s or [[Road Transport]]|newstub=Road-stub|category=Road transport}}

It is also advisable to add it to a larger stub category, if an appropriate one exists. For Category:Road stubs, no such category exists however.

In order to increase the category's effectiveness and visibility, it's generally advisable to add your category to several categories. For example, this would add it to the Roads category:

[[Category:Roads]]

When you are done, it is important that you make sure that the new stub and the new stub category are linked correctly to other categories. Using the road-stub as an example, the road-stub category needs to be a member of Category:Stub categories (because it's a stub category) and Category:Roads (because it's a category consisting of roads). If your new category has been made from part of an existing stub category or categories, these should also be listed here (so, for example, Category:France geography stubs should be part of Category:France stubs and Category:Europe geography stubs).

At this point, you should add the new stub category to this list: Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub types

Once the new stub category is approved by the WP:WSS (which should normally be done before it is created), to make clear that it underwent the mandatory revision process and was approved by means of consensus, add the {{WPSS-cat}} template to the category page.

If you have doubts or comments regarding any part of the process, do not hesitate to address them here.

睇埋[編輯]

出面網頁[編輯]

其他維基嘅楔位文章[編輯]

A link with (T) will denote the template.

Template:Listdev

This Wikipedia-related article on stubs is not a stub, but feel free to help Wikipedia by expanding it anyway.