考底利耶

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跳去: 定向搵嘢

考底利耶Kautilya 或者 Chanakya)(c. 350–275 BCE)[1]前4世紀古印度政治家、哲學家,婆羅門,曾經幫旃陀羅笈多一世建立孔雀王朝。擅長權謀,後來忌人將渠叫做「印度馬基雅維利」,渠寫忌《政事論》(Arthashastra),係古印度重要政治文獻。

渠本來係古代塔克西拉大學忌一個老師,幫第一任孔雀皇帝旃陀羅笈多一世向後生嗰陣攞到權力。考底利耶向孔雀帝國忌建立入邊發揮咗重要作用。孔雀帝國係考古學上有記載忌第一次統一印度次大陸忌王國。考底利耶同時做咗旃陀羅笈多一世同渠忌仔賓頭娑羅忌首席顧問。

考底利耶係印度經濟學政治學忌先驅,亦都係早期創立古典經濟學忌重要人物[2][3][4][5],喺政治學上面忌研究早過馬基雅維利約莫一千八百年[6]。考底利耶寫忌書約莫喺笈多王朝末期失傳,1915年先搵返[3]

逝世[編輯]

關於考底利耶忌真實死因,我等知得毋多,而且有拗撬。一種講法係,渠根據耆那教傳統隱退到叢林,然後自己絕食而死。[7]另一種講法係,賓頭娑羅忌丞相毋中意考底利耶,設計陷害渠,重將渠活埋致死。[8]

參考[編輯]

  1. S. K. Agarwal. Towards Improving Governance. Academic Foundation. 1 September 2008. 17. 喺2012-06-06搵到;. ISBN 978-81-7188-666-1. 
  2. L. K. Jha, K. N. Jha (1998). "Chanakya: the pioneer economist of the world", International Journal of Social Economics 25 (2-4), p. 267–282.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Waldauer, C., Zahka, W.J. and Pal, S. 1996. Kauṭilya's Arthashastra: A neglected precursor to classical economics. Indian Economic Review, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, pp. 101-108.
  4. Tisdell, C. 2003. A Western perspective of Kauṭilya's Arthasastra: does it provide a basis for economic science? Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Paper No. 18. Brisbane: School of Economics, The University of Queensland.
  5. Sihag, B.S. 2007. Kauṭilya on institutions, governance, knowledge, ethics and prosperity. Humanomics 23 (1): 5-28.
  6. Herbert H. Gowen (1929). and in a much more conventional world.or Political Theory in India Two Thousand Years Ago, Political Science Quarterly 44 (2), p. 173–192.
  7. Journal of Indian History. University of Kerala. 1949. 211. 喺2013-02-07搵到;. 
  8. Nury Vittachi. The Kama Sutra of Business: Management Principles From Indian Classics. Wiley India Pvt. Limited. 2007: 87. 喺2012-06-06搵到;. ISBN 978-81-265-1454-0.