南非鳥類

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢
禿鹮,瀕危本地種

現時記錄到858 種雀鳥包括31種本地種同9種人為引入種。

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

EX 已絕種 經已死清光
EW 野外已絕種 響自然環境再搵唔到
CR 極度瀕危 隨時有機會(in imminent risk of)絕種
EN 瀕臨絕種 好有機會絕種
VU 受威脅 有絕種嘅風險
NT 近危 指現時冇絕種危險,但日後有機會絕種
LC 最唔使理 冇數據顯示會絕種
DD 資料唔夠 對品種嘅現有數字唔清楚

鴕鳥目[編輯]

企鵝目(Spheniscidae)[編輯]

  • 國王企鵝,Aptenodytes patagonicus Rare/Accidental
  • , Eudyptes chrysocome Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
  • 長冠企鵝, Eudyptes chrysolophus Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
  • 非洲企鵝, Spheniscus demersus Vulnerable

鸊鷉目 Podicipediformes[編輯]

Diomedeidae[編輯]

Procellariidae[編輯]

Hydrobatidae[編輯]

Phaethontidae[編輯]

鵜形目(Pelecaniformes)[編輯]

Sulidae[編輯]

Phalacrocoracidae[編輯]

蛇鵜目(Anhingidae)[編輯]

  • 紅蛇鵜(African Darter), Anhinga rufa

Fregatidae[編輯]

科(Ardeidae)[編輯]

Scopidae[編輯]

Ciconiidae[編輯]

Threskiornithidae[編輯]

Phoenicopteridae[編輯]

  • 大紅鸛(Greater Flamingo), Phoenicopterus roseus
  • 小紅鸛(Lesser Flamingo), Phoenicopterus minor Near-threatened

Anatidae[編輯]

Pandionidae[編輯]

  • 魚鷹(Osprey), Pandion haliaetus

隼形目(Accipitridae)[編輯]

Sagittariidae[編輯]

  • 秘書鳥/蛇鷲(Secretary-bird), Sagittarius serpentarius

隼形目(Falconiformes)[編輯]

Phasianidae

Numididae

Turnicidae

鶴科(Gruidae)[編輯]

= Rallidae[編輯]

Heliornithidae[編輯]

Otididae[編輯]

Jacanidae[編輯]

Rostratulidae[編輯]

Dromadidae[編輯]

Haematopodidae[編輯]

Recurvirostridae[編輯]

Burhinidae[編輯]

Glareolidae[編輯]

Charadriidae[編輯]

Scolopacidae[編輯]

Chionididae[編輯]

Stercorariidae[編輯]

Laridae[編輯]

Sternidae[編輯]

Rynchopidae

Pteroclidae

Columbidae[編輯]

Psittacidae[編輯]

Musophagidae[編輯]

Cuculidae[編輯]

Tytonidae[編輯]

Strigidae[編輯]

斑鵰鴞
  • 非洲角鴞(African Scops Owl), Otus senegalensis
  • 南方白臉角鴞(Southern White-faced Owl), Ptilopsis granti
  • Cape Eagle-owl, Bubo capensis
  • 斑鵰鴞(Spotted Eagle Owl)(Bubo africanus
  • 乳黃鵰鴞(Verreaux's Eagle-owl), Bubo lacteus
  • Pel's Fishing-owl, Scotopelia peli
  • 非洲林鴞(African Wood Owl), Strix woodfordii
  • 珠斑鵂鶹(Pearl-spotted Owlet), Glaucidium perlatum
  • 非洲鵂鶹(African Barred Owlet), Glaucidium capense
  • 非洲耳鴞(Marsh Owl), Asio capensis

Caprimulgidae[編輯]

Apodidae

Coliidae

Trogonidae

Alcedinidae

Halcyonidae

Cerylidae

Meropidae

Coraciidae

Upupidae

Phoeniculidae

Bucerotidae

Capitonidae

Indicatoridae

Picidae

Eurylaimidae

Pittidae

Alaudidae

Hirundinidae

Motacillidae

Campephagidae

Pycnonotidae

Turdidae

Cisticolidae

Sylviidae

Muscicapidae

Platysteiridae

Monarchidae

Timaliidae

Chaetopidae

Paridae

Remizidae

Nectariniidae

Zosteropidae

Promeropidae

Oriolidae

Laniidae

Malaconotidae

Prionopidae

Dicruridae

Corvidae

Sturnidae

Ploceidae

Estrildidae

Viduidae

Emberizidae

Fringillidae

Passeridae

愛德華太子島[編輯]

The Prince Edward Islands, c. 1,750 km (1,087 mi) offshore in the roaring forties, are near-pristine and deemed the second most important sub-Antarctic archipelago in terms of breeding birds

Note: All but the accidentals are breeders

Anatidae

Spheniscidae

Diomedeidae

Procellariidae

Hydrobatidae

Pelecanoididae

Phalacrocoracidae

Ardeidae

Rallidae

Chionididae

Stercorariidae

Laridae

Sternidae

Cuculidae

Hirundinidae

[編輯]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Two species according to some authorities, namely the Atlantic and Indian Yellow-nosed Albatross. Both occur in South African waters, but only the latter is a regional breeder
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 A race deemed a full species by some authorities
  3. Johnson JA, Richard T. Watson and David P. Mindell. Prioritizing species conservation: does the Cape Verde kite exist? (PDF). Proc. R. Soc. B. 2005, 272 (1570): 1365–1371. doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3098. PMC 1560339. PMID 16006325.  This mitochondrial study of Milvus kites, employing three genes, determined that the Black Kite (Milvus m. migrans) of the Eurasian clade differs significantly from the allopatric Yellow-billed Kite, where the latter could be further subdivided into two groups: those from southern Africa and Madagascar differing from those in central, west and east Africa. These taxa are all distinct, though near-related as in the Eurasian clade. The study revealed besides that the two Yellow-billed Kite taxa could potentially be assigned species status. In such a three-way split the Yellow-billed Kite of southern Africa would be named M. parasitus.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Isolated endemic race
  5. Races C. o. olivacea and C. o. olivacina belong to the eastern taxon, Eastern Olive Sunbird. Males of this taxon have pectoral tufts but are genetically similar to the western taxon.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 Species additional to mainland list
  7. The race concerned, A. e. eatoni, is known as Kerguelen Pintail
  8. 8.0 8.1 Breeder on Prince Edward Island only

參考[編輯]

  • Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists - Martin Collinson, British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323

出面網頁[編輯]