婆羅洲扁頭蛙

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Bornean Flat-headed Frog
瀕危指標
Status iucn3.1 EN.svg
瀕危 (EN)
物種分類
界 (Regnum): Animalia
門 (Phylum): Chordata
綱 (Classis): Amphibia
目 (ordo): Anura
科 (familia): Bombinatoridae
屬 (genus): Barbourula
種 (species): B. kalimantanensis
二元學名
Barbourula kalimantanensis
Iskandar, 1978

婆羅洲扁頭蛙Barbourula kalimantanensis,Bornean Flat-headed Frog) 係 Bombinatoridae蛤乸嘅一個品種

佢哋長唔過40mm,得6.5克咁重,住喺印度尼西亞婆羅洲Kalimantan雨林嘅偏遠地帶,啲又凍又急嘅河入面[1][2]

佢哋嘅棲息地亞熱帶熱帶森林低地、同。婆羅洲島內採礦流出嘅有毒金屬同唔適當嘅土地發展威脅扁頭蛙嘅棲息地 [1]

由於呢隻青蛙好稀有, 截至2008年4月,研究員只係搵到兩隻,亦冇解剖佢哋 [1]。 佢哋冇肺,抖氣全經層皮 [1] 。所以,其他嘅器官()褪位填咗個肺嘅空位[1]。冇咗個肺令隻青蛙個身扁噠噠,加大咗層皮嘅表面積,因此可以畀多啲溶入體內 [1]

科學家假設冇咗個肺係適應佢哋住嗰啲氧氣多、又凍、又急嘅河[1]

呢隻青蛙最先由印度尼西亞嘅種物學家 Djoko Iskandar 響 1978年喺學術期刊發表[3]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Choi, Charles Q. Scientists find bizarre lungless frog. MSNBC. 2008-04-07. 喺2008-04-08搵到;. 
  2. Michael Casey, Michael. Frog with no lungs found in Indonesian wild. The Globe and Mail (Toronto). April 10, 2008 at 1:09 PM EDT. 喺2008-04-10搵到;. 
  3. Iskandar, Djoko T.. A New Species of Barbourula: First Record of a Discoglossid Anuran in Borneo. Copeia (American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists). December 28, 1978, 1978 (No. 4): 564–566. 
  • Bickford, David et al., Current Biology (6 May 2008)

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