Twitter

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'Twitter, Inc'
公司類型 上市公司
成立 2006
總部 San Francisco, California, USA
代表人物 Jack Dorsey, Chairman
Evan Williams, CEO
Biz Stone, Creative Director
產業 mobile social network service, micro-blogging
年營業額 Template:Profit $400,000 Q3 (2009) (projected)[1]
員工人數 74[2]
網址 www.twitter.com

TwitterNYSETWTR)係一個Web 2.0社交網站微型網誌,可以隨地用網頁手提電話應用軟體Widget瀏覽器外掛更新。2006年3月Twitter 上市,2007年得South by Southwest嘅網路部落格類大獎。

用戶可以傳字訊,隨時記低心情,或者發畀其他用戶,每條訊就限140個字。通過Twitter人哋可以交換信息、想法或者經歷,一齊傾呢啲主題。

喺Twitter上寫嘅每條字訊,就叫做「推」(Tweets);而寫「推」嘅動作就叫作「發推」;寫嘅人就叫做「推友」(twittern);如果引用其他人發嘅字訊(比如想俾人知到一條訊息嘅內容),就叫「ReTweet」(中文叫銳推); 如果你想知另一個用戶佢寫啲乜,又可以訂閱佢嘅更新成為佢嘅讀者,就叫做「Follow」佢,而用戶嘅讀者,就叫作「Follower」。

Die Beiträge der Personen, denen man folgt, werden in einem Log, einer abwärts chronologisch sortierten Liste von Einträgen dargestellt. Der Absender kann entscheiden, ob er seine Nachrichten allen zur Verfügung stellen oder den Zugang auf eine Freundesgruppe beschränken will.

Über eine Programmierschnittstelle (API) stellen Komplementoren die über Twitter veröffentlichten Nachrichten zur Verfügung, so dass die Updates auf verschiedenen Kanälen von vielen Diensten abgerufen und von dort auch wieder eingespeist werden können. Dem Benutzer stehen unter anderem Kommunikationsstrukturen wie SMS (nur USA, Kanada und Indien[3]) oder einfache Eingabehilfen über die Twitter-Homepage (RSS) oder Anwendungsprogrammen der Arbeitsfläche zur Verfügung.

[編輯]

A blueprint sketch, circa 2006, by Jack Dorsey, envisioning an SMS-based social network

原本Twitter 來自 podcastOdeo啲理事O既"一日腦激盪" ("daylong brainstorming session"), 目的係擺脫 creative slump. At that meeting Jack Dorsey introduced the idea of an individual using an SMS service to communicate with a small group, a concept partly inspired by the SMS group messaging service TXTMob.[4]

Jack Dorsey[5]

The original product name or codename for the service was twttr, inspired by Flickr and the fact that American SMS short codes are five characters. The developers initially experimented with "10958″ as a short code, though later changed it to "40404″ for "ease of use and memorability."[4] Work on the project started on March 21, 2006, when Dorsey published the first Twitter message at 9:50 PM Pacific Standard Time (PST): "just setting up my twttr".[6]

The first Twitter prototype was used as an internal service for Odeo employees, later launching publicly into a full-scale version in July 2006. In October 2006, Biz Stone, Evan Williams, Dorsey and other members of Odeo formed Obvious Corporation and acquired Odeo and all of its assets—including Odeo.com and Twitter.com—from the investors and other shareholders.[7] Twitter later spun off into its own company in April 2007.[8]

The tipping point for Twitter's popularity was the 2007 South by Southwest (SXSW) festival. During the event usage went from 20,000 tweets per day to 60,000.[9] "The Twitter people cleverly placed two 60-inch plasma screens in the conference hallways, exclusively streaming Twitter messages," remarked Newsweek's Steven Levy. "Hundreds of conference-goers kept tabs on each other via constant twitters. Panelists and speakers mentioned the service, and the bloggers in attendance touted it. Soon everyone was buzzing and posting about this new thing that was sort of instant messaging and sort of blogging and maybe even a bit of sending a stream of telegrams."[10] Reaction at the festival was overwhelmingly positive. Laughing Squid blogger Scott Beale said Twitter "absolutely rul[ed]" SXSW. Social software researcher Danah Boyd said Twitter "own[ed]" the festival.[11] Twitter staff accepted their prize for the festival's Web Award with the remark "we'd like to thank you in 140 characters or less. And we just did!"[12]


參考[編輯]

  1. Hacker Exposes Private Twitter Documents. The New York Times. 2009-07-15. 喺2009-07-15搵到;. 
  2. Dorsey, Jack. 2009 Person of the Year ceremony and presentation. Webster University. 2009-09-18. 
  3. Im August 2008 hat Twitter den Versand von SMS-Kurznachrichten außerhalb der USA, Kanadas und Indiens eingestellt. Pressemitteilung zur Einstellung des SMS-Versandes
  4. 4.0 4.1 Sagolla, Dom. How Twitter Was Born. 140 Characters. 2009-01-30. 喺2009-06-25搵到;. 
  5. Sano, David. Twitter creator Jack Dorsey illuminates the site's founding document. Los Angeles Times. 2009-02-18. 喺2009-06-18搵到;. 
  6. Dorsey, Jack (2006), "just setting up my twttr", Twitter, <http://twitter.com/jack/status/20>. 喺 2009-06-19 查嘅 
  7. Malik, Om. Odeo RIP, Hello Obvious Corp. GigaOM. 2006-10-25. 喺2009-06-20搵到;. 
  8. Lennon, Andrew. A Conversation With Twitter Co-Founder Jack Dorsey. The Daily Anchor. . 喺2009-02-12搵到;. 
  9. Douglas, Nick. Twitter blows up at SXSW Conference. Gawker. 2007-03-12. 喺2009-06-20搵到;. 
  10. Levy, Steven. Twitter: Is Brevity The Next Big Thing. Newsweek. 2007-04-30. 喺2009-06-20搵到;. 
  11. Terdiman, Daniel. To Twitter or Dodgeball at SXSW?. CNET. 2007-03-10. 喺2009-06-20搵到;. 
  12. Stone, Biz. We Won!. Twitter. 2007-03-14. 喺2008-05-07搵到;.