Wikipedia:用戶名政策

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Yes check.svg 呢頁所解釋嘅係英文維基百科嘅正式政策;廣為編者接受,用戶均應遵守。編輯呢頁時,請肯定所改嘅都能夠反映共識。有問題者,請去討論頁傾下先。下文以英文原文為準。
捷徑:
WP:U
WP:UN
WP:USERNAME
Walnut.png 一句講嗮: When choosing an account name, be careful to avoid names which may be offensive, confusing or promotional. You are encouraged to use only one account.
維基百科政策
行為標準
假定善意
機械人
禮貌
編輯政策
唔好訴諸法律威脅
唔好人身攻擊
文章擁有權
Sock puppetry
三次回退規則
用戶名
破壞
See also: Wikipedia:How to log in and Wikipedia:Changing username

響呢個用戶名政策入面,講咗關於響 2006年12月8號 之後註冊嘅新維基用戶嘅用戶名應該要點改。

當你想登入而註冊一個新帳號嗰時,其中一樣嘢你要做嘅就係幫自己改一個用戶名。呢頁會畀你一啲建議,同埋會話埋畀你聽邊啲嘢你係唔可以做嘅。

Your username is attached to all edits you make while logged in. This means that all your edits are credited and attributed to you. This is further explained at Help:登入.

揀用戶名[編輯]

用戶名嘅選擇可以建基於你嘅真名或者相熟嘅網上花名,又或者一個只用喺維基百科嘅新筆名,取決於您想喺編輯嗰時保留幾多私隱。

有啲維基百科編輯者都因為佢哋喺維基百科的嘅貢獻而喺維基百科外受到咗嚴重嘅騷擾。正正係因為咁,某啲人唔會用真名或以前用過嘅用戶名同暱稱。

  1. Misleading usernames that imply relevant, misleading things about the user, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that imply the user is an admin or other official figure on Wikipedia, or of the Wikimedia foundation.
    • Usernames that match the name of a well-known living or recently deceased person, unless you verifiably are that person, in which case please note this on your user page. Wikipedians with articles is a list of such users.
    • Usernames that imply an automated account, such as names containing "robot", "bot", or a variation thereof. Such usernames are reserved for bot accounts.
  2. Disruptive usernames that disrupt or misuse Wikipedia, or imply an intent to do so, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that are similar to those used by known vandals.
    • Usernames that are attacks on specific users.
    • Usernames that contain personal information about people, such as a telephone number or street address.
    • Usernames that allude to hacking, trolling, vandalism, legal threats, or computer viruses.
    • Usernames that include profanity, or obscenities, or references to genitalia or sexual slang.
  3. Promotional usernames that attempt to promote a group or company on Wikipedia, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that match the name of a company or group, especially if the user promotes it.
    • E-mail addresses or web page addresses are generally considered likely to be promotional. Note that for a long time, email addresses were not prohibited. Usernames created before January 1, 2007 that are email addresses are grandfathered under this policy and are not prohibited.
  4. Offensive usernames that may make harmonious editing difficult or impossible, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that promote a controversial or potentially inflammatory point of view.
    • Usernames that are defamatory or insulting to other people or groups.
    • Usernames that invoke the name of a religious figure or religion in a distasteful, disrespectful, or provocative way, or promote one religion over another. (Note that simple expressions of faith are allowed unless they are disruptive, but are discouraged.)
    • Usernames that refer to real-world violent actions.
    • Usernames that refer or include allusions to racism, sexism, hate speech, et cetera.
    • Usernames that refer to a medical condition or disability, especially in a belittling way.
    • Usernames that include slurs, or references to reproductive or excretory bodily functions.

A username that is inappropriate in another language or one that includes misspellings and substitutions such as through Leetspeak may still be considered inappropriate in general.

Usernames should not be considered inappropriate unless one of the general reasons applies: use common sense. In borderline cases, ask for other opinions before blocking the username. For instance, not every name that includes "Jimbo" is a misleading reference to Jimmy Wales or impersonating him; there are many people named Jimbo.


Reporting inappropriate names[編輯]

Unless a username is a blatant infringement of username policy, do not report it unless the user has begun editing.

Clearly inappropriate usernames should be reported at Wikipedia:Usernames for administrator attention, and can be blocked on sight by any administrator. In these cases it is frequently useful to disable account creation, if the username is believed to have been created in bad faith.

The starting place to discuss a questionable (but not clearly inappropriate) username is on the user's talk page, explaining the problem and suggesting that they change their username. Remember that users may not be native speakers of English, and may be unaware of causing offense. If that doesn't resolve the issue, then report the name at Wikipedia:Requests for comment/Usernames, and notify the user that you are doing so. In this process, other users comment on the appropriateness of the name. If after discussion, consensus is that the name is inappropriate, an administrator can block the account. For such blocks, the option to "disable account creation" should not be used, allowing the user to pick another name.

Changing your username[編輯]

Usernames can be changed by bureaucrats. You can request a name change at Wikipedia:Changing username. If you have few edits, it may be easier and quicker to simply register a new account with a different name.

Any talk pages that you have signed will still display your former username. If you feel strongly about your name no longer being on visible pages on the site, you can edit these pages to remove your signature. (Your old signature will still appear in diffs and in earlier versions of the pages.)

Deleting your account[編輯]

Accounts with contributions cannot be deleted since this would allow another user to create the account, and claim authorship of those edits. It is not possible for your edits to be removed entirely; for this reason, removing the account would potentially violate copyrights by allowing for such authorship claims.

However, you may request your user and talk page to be deleted, as explained at Wikipedia:User page.

Sharing accounts[編輯]

For reasons of attribution and accountability, you are not allowed to share your account or password with others. If you do, and this becomes known, your account will be blocked. Please also note that "role accounts" associated with an office, position, or task are currently prohibited with the following exceptions:

Roles accounts for the purposes of conducting public relations or marketing via the encyclopedia are strongly discouraged and will be blocked for violations of the Wikipedia:Conflict of interest guidelines.

Using multiple accounts[編輯]

睇埋:Wikipedia:Sock puppetry

It is recommended that users not edit under multiple usernames, except with good reason. For example, prominent users might create a new account in order to experience how the community functions for new users, or users editing under their real name may want an alternate pseudonymous account for editing articles they would not want their real name associated with. Also, users running a bot are expected to run this under an alternative account. If you use multiple accounts, it is recommended that you explain this on your user page. Templates such as {{User Alternate Acct|main account}} and {{User Alt Acct Master}} can be used for this purpose.

Policies apply per person, not per account. Using a second account for policy violations will cause any penalties to be applied to both accounts. Users who are banned or blocked from editing may not use sock puppets to circumvent this. Evading a block or ban causes the timer on the block to restart, and may further lengthen it.

Sockpuppetry[編輯]

You are not allowed to create multiple accounts in order to make your opinion seem more prevalent than it actually is. This is known as sockpuppetry. Examples of such policy violations include attempting to vote twice in a poll, agreeing with your other account in a deletion discussion, and engaging in revert wars using multiple accounts.

In rare cases, users with a particular point of view have created sockpuppets to act as if they held the opposite point of view. Generally such sockpuppets behave badly in order to make "their" POV look bad, or make straw man arguments that the puppeteer can easily refute with his main account. These are known as "straw man sockpuppets" and are likewise prohibited.

Dealing with violations[編輯]

Sock puppet accounts operating in violation of this policy should be blocked indefinitely; the main account may be blocked at the discretion of any administrator. Non-administrators may list the accounts at Wikipedia:Suspected sock puppets or Wikipedia:Administrator intervention against vandalism. Difficult cases where the nature and extent of sockpuppetry is unclear and where there is an ongoing problem may be listed at Wikipedia:Requests for checkuser for investigation.

Single-purpose accounts[編輯]

A single-purpose account is an account that only does one particular thing on Wikipedia, or only exists to push a single opinion (as opposed to regular editors, that tend to edit and discuss in a variety of areas). Such accounts are not forbidden, and indeed may be novice editors who will grow interested in other topics over time. Still, a single-purpose account may be a red flag for sockpuppetry. Experienced users are expected to assume good faith and be nice to these. See also Wikipedia:Single-purpose account.

Checkuser[編輯]

Where it is unclear whether or not sock puppetry is in progress, server log information can be consulted. To comply with Wikimedia Foundation privacy policy, this is limited to a handful of users and only done in serious cases, with reasonable cause, to check if user A is the same as user B based upon some evidence. "Fishing" – or general trawling of users in a debate for possible sockpuppets – is not supported and requests for such checks are unlikely to be agreed to. Requests may be made at Request for CheckUser.

Tagging identified sock puppets[編輯]

If an account has been shown to be a sock puppet used for policy violations, then it may be identified as such, by adding {{SockpuppetProven}} to the user page and {{sockblock}} to the talk page of the sock puppet account. There are four tags available, one for violations confirmed by Checkuser, another for other forms of confirmed sockpuppet use, a third for suspected violations, and the fourth is the suspected IP addresses:

  • {{SockpuppetCheckuser|Username|Optional name of CheckUser case (what is after Wikipedia:Requests for checkuser/Case/)}}
  • {{SockpuppetProven|1=Username|evidence=[[EvidenceLink]]}}. "EvidenceLink" can be replaced with something such as "[[Wikipedia:Suspected sock puppets/Username]]":
  • {{Sockpuppet|1=Username|evidence=[[EvidenceLink]]}}
  • {{IPsock|1=Username|evidence=[[EvidenceLink]]}}

The original or best-known account of a user that operates sock puppets may be tagged with {{Sockpuppeteer}}. Note that this tag is intended for abusive sock puppets and should not be used on the pages of people whose legitimate multiple accounts have not been blocked.

Meatpuppets[編輯]

Sometimes, multiple individuals create new accounts specifically to participate in, or influence, a particular discussion. This is common in deletion discussions or controversial articles. These may be friends of another editor or article subject, or may have been solicited by someone to support a specific angle in a debate. This practice of external solicitation is considered unacceptable.

Such accounts are known as "meatpuppets". Since they are hard to distinguish from sockpuppets, they are treated similarly. When there is uncertainty whether a party is one user with sockpuppets, or several users acting as meatpuppets, they may be treated as one individual.

Doppelganger accounts[編輯]

It is acceptable to pre-emptively create another account with a username similar to one's own, with the purpose of preventing impersonation by vandals. Such accounts are called doppelganger accounts. They should be marked with the {{doppelganger}} or {{doppelganger-other}} tag, or simply redirected to one's own userpage. Such accounts should not be used for editing.

See also[編輯]