利巴韋林

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利巴韋林
Systematic (IUPAC) name
1-(β-D-Ribofuranosyl) -1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide
識別號
CAS number 36791-04-5
ATC code J05AB04
PubChem 5064
DrugBank APRD00081
化學資料
Formula C8H12N4O5 
分子質量 244.206
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 45% oral (without food), about 76% with fatty meal
Metabolism Metabolized to 5'phosphates, de-riboside, and deriboside carboxylic acid
Half life 12 days - Multiple Dose; 120-170 hours - Single Dose
Excretion 10% fecal, remainder in urine (30% unchanged, remainder metabolites)
醫療嘅考慮
Pregnancy cat.

US: X; AU: X

Legal status

Ethical U.S. pharmaceutical; Not DEA-controlled.

Routes Liquid for inhalation; oral capsule and tablet

利巴韋林,拉丁學名叫Ribavirin,英文商標名一般有Copegus®; Rebetol®; Ribasphere®; Vilona®同埋Virazole®,中文譯名就一般有病毒唑雷巴威林,係一種廣譜抗病毒藥。喺美國,呢隻藥一般同干擾素一齊,用嚟醫丙型肝炎。由於香港2003年對抗沙士嗰陣,曾經用過佢嚟醫病,所以唔少地區將佢列入對抗沙士嘅標準藥物[1]

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