日本捉鯨

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日本船日新丸號捉咗條鯨魚同鯨魚BB上船劏,個牌話 “Legal research under the ICRW”(根據國際捕鯨公約,研究合法)

日本人12世紀開始捉鯨魚[1],1890年期間日本將捉鯨魚工業化,同當時好多國家一樣有規模咁樣捉鯨魚[2]。史上日本人捉鯨魚遠超佢嘅水域。

20世紀,日本大規模投資捕鯨業,直至國際捕鯨委員會英文International Whaling Commission喺1986年禁止為止。而日本繼續以科學研究做理由,用日本鯨類研究所嘅名義繼續捉鯨魚。而劏出嚟嘅鯨魚肉就會賣畀酒樓同埋舖頭[3]。雖然喺國際捕鯨委員會嘅協議之下係可以,不過大多數嘅成員國都反對[4]。2014年三月國際法庭裁定日本喺南大洋捉鯨魚,唔係為咗科學研究,同時禁止日本定喺南大洋繼續捉鯨魚[5]

出海捉鯨魚成為支持捉鯨同埋反對者嘅衝突點。環保組織、科學家同埋一啲國家反對日本捕鯨,覺得所謂嘅科學研究係冇必要,實質上只係為咗做生意嘅商業捕鯨[6][7][8][9]

日本咁講:捉鯨係可持續嘅,同埋需要科學數據去管理鯨魚嘅數目,重話反對者純粹係基於文化上嘅唔同,同埋感性咁將鯨魚擬人化[10][11]

[編輯]

  1. "History of whaling". Japan Whaling Association. 喺2013-08-16搵到. 
  2. Watson, Paul (June 27, 2006). "The Truth about "Traditional" Japanese Whaling". Sea Shepherd France. (原先內容喺2013年6月1號歸檔). 喺2014年4月3號搵到. 
  3. "Anti-whaling activist faces arrest on arrival in Japan". AFP. March 11, 2010. 
  4. Kirby, Alex (June 11, 2000). "Whaling ban set to end". BBC News. 
  5. "Japan ordered to immediately stop whaling in Antarctic as International Court of Justice rules program was not carried out for scientific purposes". Australia: ABC News. March 31, 2014. 原先內容歸檔睇2014-03-31. 喺2014-04-03搵到. 
  6. Briand, F; Colborn, T; Dawkins, R; Diamond, J; Earle, S; Gomez, E; Guillemin, R; Klug, A; Konishi, M (May 20, 2002). "An Open Letter to the Government of Japan on "Scientific Whaling"" (PDF). New York Times. (原先內容 (PDF)喺2007-08-19歸檔). 喺2014-04-03搵到. 
  7. Larter, Paul (February 8, 2008). "Australia condemns bloody killing of whale and calf by Japanese fleet". The Times. London. 
  8. Biggs, Stuart (May 30, 2007). "Kyokuyo Joins Maruha to End Whale Meat Sales in Japan". Bloomberg. 
  9. Sekiguchi, Toko (November 20, 2007). "Why Japan's Whale Hunt Continues". Time. 
  10. "The Position of the Japanese Government on Research Whaling". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. (原先內容喺2002-06-07歸檔). 喺2014-04-03搵到. 
  11. "The Japanese Government's position on whaling" (PDF). Consulate-General of Japan, Melbourne. (原先內容 (PDF)喺2012-03-10歸檔). 喺2014-04-03搵到.