格陵蘭鯊

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格陵蘭鯊
Somniosus microcephalus.jpg
瀕危指標
Status iucn3.1 NT.svg
就快受威脅(Near Threatened) (NT)
物種分類
動物界 Animalia
脊索動物門 Chordata
軟骨魚綱 Chondrichthyes
亞綱 板鰓亞綱 Elasmobranchii
角鯊目 Squaliformes
夢棘鮫科 Somniosidae
睡鯊屬 Somniosus
格陵蘭鯊 S. microcephalus
二元學名
Somniosus microcephalus
Bloch & Schneider,1801
別名

Squalus squatina (non Linnaeus,1758)
Squalus carcharis (Gunnerus,1776)
Somniosus brevipinna (Lesueur,1818)
Squalus borealis (Scoresby,1820)
Squalus norvegianus (Blainville,1825)
Scymnus gunneri (Thienemann,1828)
Scymnus glacialis (Faber,1829)
Scymnus micropterus (Valenciennes,1832)
Leiodon echinatum (Wood,1846)
Somniosus antarcticus (Whitley,1939)

格陵蘭鯊

格陵蘭鯊(學名:Somniosus microcephalus),又叫小頭睡鯊大西洋睡鯊灰鯊,係種大型鯊魚太平洋睡鯊嘅近親。佢哋喺格陵蘭同埋冰島周圍嘅北大西洋海域生活[1]

佢哋係已知最長命嘅脊椎動物品種(392 ± 120年),亦係現存最大型鯊魚之一。為適應深水環境[2],佢啲肉有高濃度嘅氧化三甲胺,所以係有毒嘅[3]。雖然係噉,格陵蘭鯊喺冰島依然被視為佳餚[4]

參考[編輯]

  1. 《侏儸紀鯊魚》(Jurassic Shark)(2000年),由Jacinth O'Donnell記錄及整理;2006年8月5號喺探索頻道發表。
  2. Yancey, Paul H.; Gerringer, Mackenzie E.; Drazen, Jeffrey C.; Rowden, Ashley A.; Jamieson, Alan (2014). "Marine fish may be biochemically constrained from inhabiting the deepest ocean depths". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 111 (12): 4461–5. Bibcode:2014PNAS..111.4461Y. PMC 3970477free to read. PMID 24591588. doi:10.1073/pnas.1322003111. 
  3. Anthoni, Uffe; Christophersen, Carsten; Gram, Lone; Nielsen, Niels H.; Nielsen, Per (1991). "Poisonings from flesh of the Greenland shark Somniosus microcephalus may be due to trimethylamine". Toxicon. 29 (10): 1205–12. PMID 1801314. doi:10.1016/0041-0101(91)90193-U. 
  4. Durst, Sidra (2012). [[[:Template:Google books]] "Hákarl"] 檢查|chapterurl=值 (詳情). 編 Deutsch, Jonathan; Murakhver, Natalya. They Eat That? A Cultural Encyclopedia of Weird and Exotic Food from around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia of Weird and Exotic Food from around the World. 第 91–2頁. ISBN 978-0-313-38059-4.