笑死

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢

笑死係一種罕見嘅死因,通常係由一陣大笑引起嘅心臟驟停或者窒息所引致嘅。自古希臘時代到依家都有笑死嘅案例紀錄。笑死嘅別稱「致命嘅歡鬧」(fatal hilarity),響1956年首次被使用[1]

病理生理[編輯]

大笑不停可以引致心臟驟停或者窒息[2]。笑都可以引致收縮乏力、虛脫同昏厥[3][4],重會導致創傷[5]。因笑昏厥可以係因為下丘腦局灶性病變所引致[6]。因笑昏厥亦都會影響小腦[7]

笑可以係一種病。橋腦或者延髓嘅梗塞可以引致病人大笑,之後死去。以呢種方式死亡嘅病者可能被誤以為係笑死[8]

歷史上嘅笑死案例[編輯]

歷史上曾經有少量嘅笑死案例,響近代,笑死嘅人主要都係因笑引致嘅心臟衰竭或窒息而死。

參考[編輯]

  1. Oxford: Clarendon Press (1993). The Compact Oxford English Dictionary.
  2. Reiss AL, Hoeft F, Tenforde AS, Chen W, Mobbs D, Mignot EJ (2008). Greene, Ernest, 編. "Anomalous hypothalamic responses to humor in cataplexy". PLoS ONE. 3 (5): e2225. PMC 2377337free to read. PMID 18493621. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002225. 
  3. Nishida K, Hirota SK, Tokeshi J (2008). "Laugh syncope as a rare sub-type of the situational syncopes: a case report". J Med Case Reports. 2 (1): 197. PMC 2440757free to read. PMID 18538031. doi:10.1186/1752-1947-2-197. 
  4. Totah AR, Benbadis SR (2002). "Gelastic syncope mistaken for cataplexy". Sleep Med. 3 (1): 77–8. PMID 14592259. doi:10.1016/S1389-9457(01)00113-7.  未知參數|month=已忽略 (詳情)
  5. Lo R, Cohen TJ (2007). "Laughter-induced syncope: no laughing matter". Am. J. Med. 120 (11): e5. PMID 17976409. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2006.07.019.  未知參數|month=已忽略 (詳情)
  6. Cheung CS, Parrent AG, Burneo JG (2007). "Gelastic seizures: not always hypothalamic hamartoma". Epileptic Disord. 9 (4): 453–8. PMID 18077234. doi:10.1684/epd.2007.0139.  未知參數|month=已忽略 (詳情)
  7. Famularo G, Corsi FM, Minisola G, De Simone C, Nicotra GC (2007). "Cerebellar tumour presenting with pathological laughter and gelastic syncope". Eur. J. Neurol. 14 (8): 940–3. PMID 17662020. doi:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2007.01784.x.  未知參數|month=已忽略 (詳情)
  8. Gondim, FA; Parks BJ, Cruz-Flores S et al. (December 2001). ""Fou rire prodromique" as the presentation of pontine ischaemia secondary to vertebrobasilar stenosis". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 71 (6): 802–804. PMC 1737630free to read. PMID 11723208. doi:10.1136/jnnp.71.6.802.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (詳情)
  9. "OVERVIEW Zeuxis". Oxford Index. 喺2013-05-11搵到. 
  10. Waterfield, Gordon, ed. First Footsteps in East Africa, (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1966) pg. 59 footnote.
  11. Brown, Huntington (1968). Rabelais in English Literature. Routledge. 第 126頁. ISBN 0-7146-2051-3. 
  12. The History of Scottish Poetry. Edmonston & Douglas. 1861. 第 539頁. 

睇埋[編輯]