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Template:引書

Permanently protected 個模
出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
模解[] [] [] []

呢個模係專門用來引書嘅。

所有項目一定要用細楷字母!

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

No templates or magic words are necessary when using an ISBN, OCLC number, or 數碼物件識別號(DOI) as an identifier. Instead of using the id field in these instances, simply use the appropriate field. For instance, type isbn= followed by the number instead of id=ISBN. Templates are available for other identification number types to be used in the ID field ({{ISSN}}, {{LCCN}}, {{LCC}}, etc.) if these aren't available. See also the complete description of fields.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |author= |editor= |others= |title= |origdate= |origyear= |origmonth= |url= |format= |accessdate= |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |series= |date= |year= |month= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= }}
Most commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |author= |title= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= }}
Example 1

{{cite book |last= Cordell |first= Bruce R. |author= Jeff Grubb, David Yu |title= [[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher= [[Wizards of the Coast]] |year= 2001 |month= September |isbn= 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R. (2001). Manual of the Planes. Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8. {{cite book}}: Check |isbn= value: checksum (help); More than one of |author=|last= specified (help); Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

Example 2
{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  | publisher = [[Springer-Verlag]]
  | series = Lecture notes in mathematics 1358
  | year = 1999
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X }}

Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Lecture notes in mathematics 1358. Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X.

Vertical list Prerequisites * Brief instructions
 {{cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | editor = 
 | others = 
 | title = 
 | origdate = 
 | origyear = 
 | origmonth = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | accessdate = 
 | accessyear = 
 | accessmonth = 
 | edition = 
 | series = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | language = 
 | isbn =
 | oclc =
 | doi =
 | id =
 | pages = 
 | chapter = 
 | chapterurl = 
 | quote =
 }}
   
  
 last
 last 
 last 
  
  
 REQUIRED**
  
  
  
  
 url
 url
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 publisher
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 chapter
  
  
   
 (no wikilink)
 (no wikilink)
  
  
  
  
  
 †preferred (no wikilink)
  alternative to origdate
  alternative to origdate
  
  
 †preferred (no wikilink)
  alternative to accessdate
  alternative to accessdate
  
 †preferred (no wikilink)
  alternative to date
  alternative to date
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 (no wikilink)‡
  
  
  
The field listed below is a prerequisite for the field to the left. For example last is a prerequisite to first meaning first will NOT be displayed even if it has a value unless last also has a value.
∗∗ Wikilinks must link to an existing article, and cannot be used if url is used below.
This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.
If chapterurl is provided then chapter can not have wikilinks.

Fields

Wikilinks

Most fields can be wikilinked (ie. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields

Syntax (for the technical-minded)

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)

Description

  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (eg. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The `last' and `first' fields are poorly named for the case of an author whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). They also have the problem of only communicating which is the surname, not communicating where the surname is usually written. Consider deprecating first,last fields, and reinstating author field, using the notation "Smith, John" or "Hu Ke Jie" as appropriate (i.e. always writing surname first, and using comma or not depending on whether the name is usually written surname last or first).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, surname last, separated by ", " (eg. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
      • Someone please confirm that surname is to go last even for people whose name is usually written surname first. Consider rethinking this field, e.g. using Bloggs, Joe and Kennedy, John F. and Dent, H. R. and Hu Ke Jie.
    • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. No text is added, so labels such as "(ed.)" have to be supplied by the user.
  • others: For uses such as "illustrated by Smith" or "trans. Smith".
  • title: Title of book. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • url: URL of an online book. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when url was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
      • OR: accessyear: Year when item was accessed, and accessmonth: Month when item was accessed. If you also have the day, use accessdate instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • edition: When the book has more than one edition. eg: "2nd edition".
  • series: When the book is part of a series of publications
  • origdate: Full date of publication of original edition, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2004-06-27. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: origyear: Year of publication of original edition, and origmonth: Month of publication of original edition. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: year: Year of publication edition being referenced, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such is "Ltd" or "Inc".
    • location: Place of publication.
  • language: The language the book is written in, if it is not English.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number such as 1-111-22222-9.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
  • doi: A 數碼物件識別號 such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ISSN}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = ISBN 1-111-22222-9 anymore. Use isbn = 1-111-22222-9.)
  • pages: pp. 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • chapter: The chapter of the book, written in full. Punctuation other than quotes should be included in the value passed to the parameter, eg. chapter = Meet Dick and Jane. produces "Meet Dick and Jane." ahead of title.
    • chapterurl: URL of an individual chapter of online book. Should be at the same site as url, if any.
  • quote: Relevant quote from the book.

Examples

Just a title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book }}
  • Mysterious book.
Year and title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book | year=1901 }}
  • Mysterious book. 1901.
Basic usage
* {{cite book | first=Joe | last=Bloggs | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs }}
Basic usage with url
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | coauthors=John Smith, Jim Smythe | title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] | edition=2nd Edition }}
Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location
* {{cite book | last=Cordell | first=Bruce R. | coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan | year=2001 | month=September | title=[[Manual of the Planes]] | publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] | location=Timbuktu | isbn=0-7869-1850-8 | pages=pp. 134-137 }}
Date of first edition, other language, illustrator
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | origyear=1463 | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | others=illustrated by Smith | language=German | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
  • Bloggs, Joe (1974) [1463]. Book of Bloggs (German). illustrated by Smith (第1st Edition版). 喺2006-02-17搵到. {{cite book}}: |edition= has extra text (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
Using a DOI
*{{cite book | last=Mumford | first=David | authorlink=David Mumford | year=1999 | title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians | edition=2nd ed. | publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] | doi=10.1007/b62130 | isbn=354063293X }}

TemplateData

呢個係用喺呢個模嘅TemplateData解,用喺VisualEditor同埋其它工具度;睇吓呢個模嘅每月錯誤報告

TemplateData for 引書嘅TemplateData

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

模參數[管理TemplateData]

呢塊模建議一行過寫晒所有參數。

參數描述狀態
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字串建議
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字串建議
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

範例
https://books.google.com/books?id=...
字串可選
Titletitle

The title of the book; displays in italics

字串必填
Title linktitle-link titlelink episode-link episodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

可選
Vancouver style author listvauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

範例
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
字串可選
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2 author-last2 author2-last subject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字串可選
First name 2first2 given2 author-first2 author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

字串可選
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3 author-last3 author3-last subject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

字串可選
First name 3first3 given3 author-first3 author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4 author-last4 author4-last subject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

字串可選
First name 4first4 given4 author-first4 author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5 author-last5 author5-last subject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

字串可選
First name 5first5 given5 author-first5 author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6 author-last6 author6-last subject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

字串可選
First name 6first6 given6 author-first6 author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7 author-last7 author7-last subject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

字串可選
First name 7first7 given7 author-first7 author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8 author-last8 author8-last subject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

字串可選
First name 8first8 given8 author-first8 author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9 author-last9 author9-last subject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

字串可選
First name 9first9 given9 author-first9 author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

字串可選
Collaborationcollaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

字串可選
Datedate air-date airdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

日子可選
Workwork journal website newspaper magazine encyclopedia encyclopaedia dictionary mailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

字串可選
Publisherpublisher distributor institution newsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

字串建議
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

字串可選
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

字串建議
ISBNisbn ISBN13 isbn13 ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

字串建議
Ignore ISBN Errorignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

是非值可選
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

唔知可選
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-given editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

唔知可選
Link for editoreditor-link editorlink editor-link1 editor1-link editorlink1 editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

可選
Editor maskeditor-mask editormask editormask1 editor1-mask editor-mask1 editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Vancouver style editor listveditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

範例
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
字串可選
Editors listeditors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

唔知停用
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

字串可選
Series identifierseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

字串可選
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

字串可選
Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

字串建議
Place of publicationpublication-place publicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

字串可選
Publication datepublication-date publicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

字串可選
Pagepage p

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

字串可選
Page(s) citedpages pp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

字串建議
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

字串可選
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

字串可選
Languagelanguage in

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

字串可選
Translator last nametranslator-last translator translator-last1 translator1 translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

字串可選
Translator first nametranslator-first translator1-first translator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

字串可選
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

字串可選
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

字串可選
Chapterchapter contribution entry article section

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

字串可選
Script Chapterscript-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

範例
ja:東京タワー
字串可選
Translated chaptertrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

字串可選
Typetype medium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

字串可選
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

字串可選
arXiv identifierarxiv ARXIV eprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

字串可選
arXiv Classclass

Cite arXiv identifiers

字串可選
ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

字串可選
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

字串可選
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

字串可選
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

可選
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

可選
DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

字串可選
EISSNeissn EISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

範例
2009-0048
字串可選
Handle System identifierhdl HDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

字串可選
ISMNismn ISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

範例
979-0-9016791-7-7
字串可選
ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

字串可選
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

字串可選
JSTORjstor JSTOR

JSTOR identifier

字串可選
LCCNlccn LCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

字串可選
MRmr MR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

字串可選
OCLCoclc OCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

字串可選
OLol OL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

字串可選
OSTIosti OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

字串可選
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

字串可選
PMIDpmid PMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

字串可選
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

字串可選
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

字串可選
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

字串可選
idid ID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

字串可選
Quotequote quotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

字串可選
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

字串可選
Name list formatname-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

字串可選
Modemode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

字串可選
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

預設
.
字串可選
Registrationregistration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

字串可選
Subscriptionsubscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

字串可選
Author maskauthor-mask authormask authormask1 author1-mask author-mask1 author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 2author-mask2 authormask2 author2-mask author2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 3author-mask3 authormask3 author3-mask author3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 4author-mask4 authormask4 author4-mask author4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 5author-mask5 authormask5 author5-mask author5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 6author-mask6 authormask6 author6-mask author6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 7author-mask7 authormask7 author7-mask author7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 8author-mask8 authormask8 author8-mask author8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Author mask 9author-mask9 authormask9 author9-mask author9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

數字可選
Author linkauthor-link authorlink subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

可選
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2 author2-link subjectlink2 author2link subject-link2 subject2-link subject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

可選
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link subjectlink3 author3link subject-link3 subject3-link subject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

可選
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link subjectlink4 author4link subject-link4 subject4-link subject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

可選
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link subjectlink5 author5link subject-link5 subject5-link subject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

可選
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link subjectlink6 author6link subject-link6 subject6-link subject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

可選
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link subjectlink7 author7link subject-link7 subject7-link subject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

可選
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link subjectlink8 author8link subject-link8 subject8-link subject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

可選
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link subjectlink9 author9link subject-link9 subject9-link subject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

可選
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

字串可選
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

字串可選
Last name of second editoreditor-last2 editor-surname2 editor2 editor2-last editor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

字串可選
First name of second editoreditor-first2 editor-given2 editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

字串可選
Link for second editoreditor-link2 editor2-link editorlink2 editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

可選
Mask for second editoreditor-mask2 editormask2 editor2-mask editor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of third editoreditor-last3 editor-surname3 editor3 editor3-last editor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

字串可選
First name of third editoreditor-first3 editor-given3 editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

字串可選
Link for third editoreditor-link3 editor3-link editorlink3 editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

可選
Mask for third editoreditor-mask3 editormask3 editor3-mask editor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of fourth editoreditor-last4 editor-surname4 editor4 editor4-last editor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

字串可選
First name of fourth editoreditor-first4 editor-given4 editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

字串可選
Link for fourth editoreditor-link4 editor4-link editorlink4 editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

可選
Mask for fourth editoreditor-mask4 editormask4 editor4-mask editor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of fifth editoreditor-last5 editor-surname5 editor5 editor5-last editor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

字串可選
First name of fifth editoreditor-first5 editor-given5 editor5-first editor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

字串可選
Link for fifth editoreditor-link5 editor5-link editorlink5 editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

可選
Mask for fifth editoreditor-mask5 editormask5 editor5-mask editor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of sixth editoreditor-last6 editor-surname6 editor6 editor6-last editor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

字串可選
First name of sixth editoreditor-first6 editor-given6 editor6-first editor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

字串可選
Link for sixth editoreditor-link6 editor6-link editorlink6 editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

可選
Mask for sixth editoreditor-mask6 editormask6 editor6-mask editor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of seventh editoreditor-last7 editor-surname7 editor7 editor7-last editor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

字串可選
First name of seventh editoreditor-first7 editor-given7 editor7-first editor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

字串可選
Link for seventh editoreditor-link7 editor7-link editorlink7 editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

可選
Mask for seventh editoreditor-mask7 editormask7 editor7-mask editor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of eighth editoreditor-last8 editor-surname8 editor8 editor8-last editor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

字串可選
First name of eighth editoreditor-first8 editor-given8 editor8-first editor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

字串可選
Link for eighth editoreditor-link8 editor8-link editorlink8 editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

可選
Mask for eighth editoreditor-mask8 editormask8 editor8-mask editor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Last name of ninth editoreditor-last9 editor-surname9 editor9 editor9-last editor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

字串可選
First name of ninth editoreditor-first9 editor-given9 editor9-first editor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

字串可選
Link for ninth editoreditor-link9 editor9-link editorlink9 editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

可選
Mask for ninth editoreditor-mask9 editormask9 editor9-mask editor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

字串可選
Display Editorsdisplay-editors displayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

字串可選
Translator last name 2translator-last2 translator2 translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 2translator-first2 translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 3translator-last3 translator3 translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 3translator-first3 translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 4translator-last4 translator4 translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 4translator-first4 translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 5translator-last5 translator5 translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 5translator-first5 translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 6translator-last6 translator6 translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 6translator-first6 translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 7translator-last7 translator7 translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 7translator-first7 translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 8translator-last8 translator8 translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 8translator-first8 translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator last name 9translator-last9 translator9 translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator first name 9translator-first9 translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

字串可選
Translator linktranslator-link translator-link1 translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

可選
Translator link 2translator-link2 translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

可選
Translator link 3translator-link3 translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

可選
Translator link 4translator-link4 translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

可選
Translator link 5translator-link5 translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

可選
Translator link 6translator-link6 translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

可選
Translator link 7translator-link7 translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

可選
Translator link 8translator-link8 translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

可選
Translator link 9translator-link9 translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

可選
Chapter URLchapter-url chapterurl contribution-url section-url contributionurl sectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

字串可選
Format of Chapter URLchapter-format contribution-format section-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

範例
PDF, DOC, or XLS
字串可選
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date doi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

字串可選
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

字串可選
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

字串可選
Archive Formatarchive-format

Format of the Archive

字串可選
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

字串可選
URL statusurl-status

If set to 'live', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live. Set to "dead" or 'usurped' for broken links. Entering 'unfit' or 'usurped' makes the original link not appear at all.

預設
dead
範例
'dead' or 'live'
字串可選
Lay URLlay-url lay-summary laysummary layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

字串可選
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

字串可選
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

字串可選
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

字串可選
viavia

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

範例
Open Edition, JSTOR
字串可選
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

字串可選
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

字串可選
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

字串可選
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

字串可選
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

字串可選
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

字串可選
Issueissue number

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

字串可選
Coauthorcoauthor

Coauthor

字串停用
Coauthorscoauthors

Coauthors

字串停用
Authors listauthors people host credits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

字串可選
City of Publicationcity

Where published

字串停用
Agencyagency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

字串可選
Departmentdepartment

Unusual in cite book.

唔知可選
Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

字串可選

Note

Note the extra full-stop when the last author ends with an initial, and there is no date:

  • Invisible, M. Mysterious book.

We don't know of a practical solution to this — unless there is a way to test the characters of a field?

Citation styles

Established citation styles for coauthors:

  • MLA style: Last, First and First Last. "If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al."
  • APA style: Last, F. & Last, F.
  • Chicago Manual of Style: Last, First, and First Last.
  • Turabian: same as Chicago Reference List, above.
  • Harvard: Last, F., Last, F. & Last, F.

Tools

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Tools for a list of tools which can help create a reference in the 'cite book' format.

See also