吉百齡

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吉百齡

吉百齡Joseph Rudyard Kipling1865年12月30號1936年1月18號)係英國作家詩人。吉百齡響印度出世,佢因為佢嘅作出名,好似The Jungle Book (1894年)、The Second Jungle Book (1895年)、 Just So Stories (1902年)、 Puck of Pook's Hill (1906年),重有小說Kim(1901年),詩Mandalay(1890年)、Gunga Din (1890年)同 "If—" (1910年);重有好多短篇,The Man Who Would Be King(1888年),同書集Life's Handicap (1891年), The Day's Work (1898年), and Plain Tales from the Hills (1888年)。

吉百齡被譽為短篇小說藝術創新之人[1]。而佢寫畀細路睇嘅書更加係經典;佢至正嘅對白寫得多變,旁白寫得透澈[2][3]

吉百齡係英國19、20世紀其中一個,好受歡迎嘅散文作家[1]。佢嘅才華影響過唔少作家[1]。1907年,佢重得到諾貝爾文學獎,而且佢重係第一個英文作家攞獎,同埋最後生嘅得主[4]。響芸芸榮譽中,佢質疑亦都拒絕咗英國御用詩人同封爵[5]

之不過,吉百齡畀佐治奧威爾等人視為"大英帝國嘅先知"[6]好多人都批評過佢嘅作品有偏見同偏軍國主義[7][8]。咁就成個20世界都係講佢呢點有爭論[9][10]

[編輯]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rutherford, Andrew. 1987. General Preface to Oxford World's Classics Editions of Rudyard Kipling, in "Puck of Pook's Hill and Rewards and Fairies", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-282575-5
  2. Rutherford, Andrew. 1987. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "Plains Tales from the Hills", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-281652-7
  3. Diary of David Fleischman, 1938-07-21, quoted in James Joyce by Richard Ellmann, p. 661, Oxford University Press (1983) ISBN 0-19-281465-6
  4. Alfred Nobel Foundation (2006-09-30). "Who is the youngest ever to receive a Nobel Prize, and who is the oldest?". nobelprize.org. 喺2006-09-30搵到.
  5. Birkenhead, Lord. 1978. Rudyard Kipling, Appendix B, “Honours and Awards”. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London; Random House Inc., New York.
  6. Orwell, George (2006-09-30). "Essay on Kipling". 喺2006-09-30搵到.
  7. Lewis, Lisa. 1995. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "Just So Stories", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. pp.xv-xlii. ISBN 0-19-282276-4
  8. Quigley, Isabel. 1987. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "The Complete Stalky & Co.", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. pp.xiii-xxviii. ISBN 0-19-281660-8
  9. Said, Edward. 1993. Culture and Imperialism. London: Chatto & Windus. Page 196. ISBN 0-679-75054-1.
  10. Sandison, Alan. 1987. Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of Kim, by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. pp. xiii–xxx. ISBN 0-19-281674-8.