Tennis (埃及)

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Tennis(تنيس)係一個中世紀埃及城市。佢現址約莫喺 31°12′N 32°14′E / 31.200°N 32.233°E / 31.200; 32.233,,曼沙拉湖一個島上面,賽得港西南。

語源[編輯]

Tennis'個名源自曼沙拉湖以前個名叫Lake Tinnis [1]

歷史[編輯]

唔少埃及農產都經Tennis出口,包括佢出產名滿中東嘅布料[2] 。據艾志斯所記,尼羅河嘅東主支流當時係經Lake Tinnis出海。經湖出海令商船可以避開喺羅塞塔會遇到嘅大潮。呢個較高嘅穩定性令Tennis成為近東地區名列前茅嘅港口[3]

Tennis嘅地理位置令佢難以抵禦嚟自海面嘅攻擊。薩拉丁喺1192-3年期間撤走士兵之外嘅人口,淨係留低軍事設施。1210年代第五次十字軍東征期間,埃及政府將佢夷平[4]

參考[編輯]

  1. Cooper, John P. (1 April 2012). ""Fear God; Fear the Bogaze ": The Nile Mouths and the Navigational Landscape of the Medieval Nile Delta, Egypt". Al-Masaq. 24 (1): 68.
  2. J.-M. Mouton. "Tinnis". 出自 Bosworth, C. E.; Van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P.; Bianquis, T.; Bearman, P. (編). Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition.
  3. Cooper, John P. (1 April 2012). ""Fear God; Fear the Bogaze ": The Nile Mouths and the Navigational Landscape of the Medieval Nile Delta, Egypt". Al-Masaq. 24 (1): 68.
  4. Cooper, John P. (1 April 2012). ""Fear God; Fear the Bogaze ": The Nile Mouths and the Navigational Landscape of the Medieval Nile Delta, Egypt". Al-Masaq. 24 (1): 69.