人道主義

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人道主義英文Humanism),指對人類生命價值上存有積極信念,由此實踐仁慈待遇,為其他人提供援助,以道義邏輯上都得到人性化。哲學信念可令各方面改善人類行動,用來形容同人類福祉有關。醫生被稱為「人道主義者」。

非政治意識形態[編輯]

人道主義係一種非正式意識形態實踐;作為人有義務促進人類福祉原則。[1]

歷史[編輯]

英國[編輯]

工業革命經濟動蕩時,19世紀末同1900年代初社會改革中出現人道主義。20世紀20年代,英國中好多參與女權主義婦女都推動人道主義。由於人道主義者對議會造成壓力,童工同非技術工人殘暴時間,同工作條件上立法。1833年工廠法1844年工廠法係工業革命後,英國議會通過一部份最重要人道主義法案。

十九世紀中葉,人道主義係佛羅倫薩夜鶯亨利·杜南緊急情況下工作核心,後一種情況導致紅十字成立。

中國[編輯]

20世紀重要例子中,維園六四燭光晚會天安門母親等反社運,係中國人同外國華人人性對抗六四共軍政治屠殺;黃雀行動就係人道主義實行,以救返中國政治犯條人命為第一任務。

近年中華人民共和國人權面臨挑戰挫敗,代表性事件有活摘器官強拆、同中共貪污內鬥社會化等。

睇埋[編輯]

參考[編輯]

[編輯]

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