伯尼山德士

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跳去: 定向搵嘢
伯尼山德士

伯尼山德士英文Bernie Sanders1941年9月8號—;傳媒多數譯桑德斯)係美國佛蒙特州嘅獨立參議員。佢曾經角逐美國民主黨2016年美國總統選舉嘅初選,外界睇佢係希拉里之後嘅第二熱門人選,不過最後都輸咗畀希拉里。

生平[編輯]

早年生涯[編輯]

山德士1941年9月8號喺紐約市布碌侖出世。[1][2][3][4]佢爸爸埃利亞斯•山德士[5]1904年9月14日喺波蘭(嗰時係奧匈帝國嘅領域)出世,係一個猶太人[6][7]。1921年17歲嘅埃利亞斯移民去美國,賣顏料維生[6][8][9]。佢媽咪多蘿西•山德士1912年10月2號喺紐約市出世,[10][11]係嚟自俄羅斯嘅猶太人[12][13]

山德士自細已經對政治產生興趣。佢記得喺1932年希特拉贏咗選舉,呢次選舉令到五千萬人,包括六百萬猶太人,因爲希特拉嘅決策而死。所從少佢就知道政治其實對人係非常重要[14][15][16]。1940年,山德士大部分親戚,包括佢叔叔,喺被德國佔領嘅波蘭被殺[5][11][17][18][19]

山德士住過喺布碌侖[1]。小學嗰時係藍球賽攞過冠軍[20][21]。佢以前下晝會返猶太學校上堂[18]。佢哥哥拉里話佢哋以前細個雖然夠錢買衫同糧食,但係負擔唔起較貴嘅產品,例如窗簾同地毯[22]

山德士中學嗰時係田徑隊隊長,曾經喺紐約市一英里田徑賽得到季軍[20]。喺中學佢經歷第一次選舉嘅落敗,喺學生會會長選舉三個候選人當中,佢得票最低。佢中學畢業冇幾耐,46歲嘅媽媽就過咗身[11][18]。1962年8月4號,佢57歲嘅爸爸都走埋。[23]

1959-60年期間,山德士喺布鲁克林學院讀過一年[24]。跟住去咗芝加哥大學就讀,1964年政治學學士學位畢業[24]。佢話自己大學讀書麻麻地,因為上堂好悶而且學嘅嘢同現實世界無乜關連,佢覺得服務社群學到更加多[25]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Horowitz, Jason (July 24, 2015). "Bernie Sanders's '100% Brooklyn' Roots Are as Unshakable as His Accent". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  2. "Bernie Sanders". Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  3. "Sanders, Bernard (1941 – )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives' Office of History and Preservation and the Office of the Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  4. "Bernie Sanders Biography". Biography.com. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Stated on Finding Your Roots, October 3, 2017
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Bernie Sanders' ancestral town in Poland kvells over his Iowa performance". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. February 2, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  7. "Eli Sanders". Geni.com. Retrieved January 23, 2016
  8. New York Passenger Lists, 1820–1957 immigration record: Eliasz Gitman, sailing from Antwerp, mother Jetti Gutman, citizenship in 1927 as Elias Sanders
  9. Chana, Jas (August 20, 2015). "Straight Outta Brooklyn, by Way of Vermont: The Bernie Sanders Story". Tablet. Retrieved January 20, 2016. Soltys told them that at the time the Nazis invaded Poland, Romek was the leader of Slopnice's Jewish community. "Which of course," Larry said, "meant he was one of the first to be killed."
  10. Gaudiano, Nicole (April 28, 2015). "OnPolitics: 6 things to know about Bernie Sanders". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 27, 2015. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Leibovich, Mark (January 21, 2007). "The Socialist Senator". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18,2015.
  12. "Bessie Glassberg (Goldberg)". Geni.com. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  13. "Benjamin Glassberg". Geni.com. Retrieved January 27, 2016. Birthplace: Radzyn Podlaski, Radzyń Podlaski County, Lublin Voivodeship, Poland
  14. Sathish, Madhuri (August 28, 2015). "Bernie Sanders' Quote About Hitler Winning An Election Is Powerful. It's Also Misleading". Bustle. Archived from the original on January 21, 2016.
  15. Feldmann, Linda (June 11, 2015). "Bernie Sanders: 'I'm Proud to be Jewish'". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved June 13, 2015. 'I'm proud to be Jewish,' the Independent from Vermont – and candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination – responded Thursday at a press breakfast hosted by the Monitor. Though, he added, 'I'm not particularly religious.' As a child, Sanders said, being Jewish taught him 'in a very deep way what politics is about. A guy named Adolf Hitler won an election in 1932,' the senator said. 'He won an election, and 50 million people died as a result of that election in World War II, including 6 million Jews. So what I learned as a little kid is that politics is, in fact, very important.'
  16. "Sanders Could Be The First Jewish President, But He Doesn't Like To Talk About It". NPR. November 2, 2015.
  17. Kelly, Amita (April 29, 2015). "5 Things You Should Know About Bernie Sanders". NPR. Retrieved July 19,2015.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Stone, Kurt F. (2010). The Jews of Capitol Hill: A Compendium of Jewish Congressional Members. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 483. ISBN 9780810857315. OCLC 755001191.
  19. McCaskill, Nolan D (March 6, 2016). "Sanders: 'My father's family was wiped out by Hitler'". Politico. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Bump, Philip (January 29, 2016). "The untold story of Bernie Sanders, high school track star". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
  21. Felsenthal, Carol (May 4, 2015). "Bernie Sanders Found Socialism at the University of Chicago". Chicago magazine. Retrieved July 18, 2015. He graduated from Brooklyn's P.S. 197 and James Madison High School where he was captain of his high school track team.
  22. Smith, Nicola (January 17, 2016). "Bernie ropes in British brother for showdown with Clinton". Sunday Times (London). Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  23. "Eli Sanders". Geni.com. Retrieved January 23, 2016
  24. 24.0 24.1 "Bernie Sanders Fast Facts". CNN. August 20, 2015. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  25. Talbot, Margaret. "The Populist Prophet", The New Yorker (October 12, 2015).