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Wikipedia:用戶名政策

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Walnut.png 一句講嗮: When choosing an account name, be careful to avoid names which may be offensive, confusing or promotional. You are encouraged to use only one account.
維基百科政策
行為標準
假定善意
機械人
禮貌
編輯政策
唔好訴諸法律威脅
唔好人身攻擊
文章擁有權
襪公仔
三次打回頭規則
用戶名
破壞
睇埋:Wikipedia:點樣登入Wikipedia:改用戶名

響呢個用戶名政策入面,講咗關於響 2006年12月8號 之後註冊嘅新維基用戶嘅用戶名應該要點改。

當你想登入而註冊一個新帳號嗰時,其中一樣你要做嘅嘢就係幫自己改一個用戶名。呢頁會畀啲建議你,同埋會話埋畀你聽邊啲嘢你係唔可以做嘅。

你嘅用戶名會連去你登入咗之後作出嘅改動。Help:登入度有更詳細嘅解說。

揀用戶名[編輯]

用戶名嘅選擇可以建基於你嘅真名或者相熟嘅網上花名,又或者一個只用喺維基百科嘅新筆名,取決於你想喺編輯嗰時保留幾多私隱。

有啲維基百科編輯者都因為佢哋喺維基百科的嘅貢獻而喺維基百科外受到咗嚴重嘅騷擾。正正係因為咁,某啲人唔會用真名或以前用過嘅用戶名同花名。

如果你選擇唔用自己真名,就唔該你改一個唔會影響到維基百科編輯嘅名。意思即係一個你用得舒服嘅名,同埋可以令其他人睇都可以接受一齊共事而唔會令人反感嘅名。

有爭議性嘅名會令其他人覺得你講嘅嘢有偏頗,為咗保障個人可信度,應該避免用爭議性嘅名,例如帶有強烈政治取向或宗教信仰嘅名。

維基百科嘅用戶名係識分大細階。所有用戶名嘅第一個字母會自動大階。

簽名[編輯]

你嘅用戶名會預設為討論頁嘅簽名。關於簽名同點樣個性化嘅詳細資料,請睇Wikipedia:簽名

用戶名搞清楚[編輯]

如果你嘅用戶名同另外一個維基百科嘅編輯者好相似,你應該加個hatnote (disambiguation) so a reader can find the other editor if desired. You can use the templates {{thisuser}}, {{thisusertalk}}, and {{userpage otheruse}}, among others, at the top of your user page and user talk page for this purpose.

如果你嘅用戶名係易俾人搞錯,可以考慮加一個跳轉由打錯字嘅用戶名去翻你真正嘅用戶名。(你可以直接開一個新用戶頁,唔使下下都開一個新戶口)

唔恰當嘅用戶名[編輯]

維基百科唔容許蠱惑、會錯意、搞破壞、宣傳同得罪人嘅用戶名。喺擲界嘅情況底下,你會被要求揀過個新嘅用戶名;喺過分嘅情況底下,你嘅戶口會直接永世封鎖。

用戶名可以接受同唔可以接受嘅界線,係基於其他維基友嘅意見,而唔係開戶口嘅人。你唔應該為咗搵呢條界線而走去整啲新嘅用戶名。如果你嘅真名望落唔恰當,但你都係想照用嘅話,你可以搵位管理員,睇睇有無得解決。注意返,以下嘅例子作為簽名都係唔恰當嘅。

  1. 蠱惑嘅用戶名,令到其他人好難透過用戶名辨認出一個用戶,包括但唔限於:
    • 同令一位維基友嘅用戶名非常相似,可能搞到人撈亂。
    • Usernames that confusingly refer to a Wikipedia process, namespace, or toolbar item.
    • 包含超長、隨機或重複字元嘅用戶名,譬如係「aaaaaaaaaaaa」或「ghfjkghdfjgkdhfjkg」。
    • 超長嘅用戶名,例如「Super Ultra Mege Bob of Waverly Drive from Mars146366」。
  2. 會錯意嘅用戶名 that imply relevant, misleading things about the user, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that imply the user is an admin or other official figure on Wikipedia, or of the Wikimedia foundation.
    • Usernames that match the name of a well-known living or recently deceased person, unless you verifiably are that person, in which case please note this on your user page. Wikipedians with articles is a list of such users.
    • 暗示係自動化戶口嘅用戶名,譬如係包含「robot」、「bot」、「機械人」、「機器人」或其他相近嘅字眼。呢啲用戶名淨係得機械人戶口可以用。
  3. 搞破壞嘅用戶名,愛來擾亂或者破壞維基百科,或者暗示有噉嘅打算,包括但唔限於:
    • 同已知專門搞搞震嘅用戶相似嘅用戶名。
    • 針對特定用戶作出人身攻擊嘅用戶名。
    • 包含個人資料(例如電話號碼、地址等等)嘅用戶名。
    • Usernames that allude to hacking, trolling, vandalism, legal threats, or computer viruses.
    • 包含粗口或者同相關嘅用戶名。
  4. 宣傳嘅用戶名 that attempt to promote a group or company on Wikipedia, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that match the name of a company or group, especially if the user promotes it.
    • E-mail addresses or web page addresses are generally considered likely to be promotional. Note that for a long time, email addresses were not prohibited. Usernames created before January 1, 2007 that are email addresses are grandfathered under this policy and are not prohibited.
  5. 得罪人嘅用戶名 that may make harmonious editing difficult or impossible, including but not limited to:
    • Usernames that promote a controversial or potentially inflammatory point of view.
    • Usernames that are defamatory or insulting to other people or groups.
    • Usernames that invoke the name of a religious figure or religion in a distasteful, disrespectful, or provocative way, or promote one religion over another. (Note that simple expressions of faith are allowed unless they are disruptive, but are discouraged.)
    • Usernames that refer to real-world violent actions.
    • Usernames that refer or include allusions to racism, sexism, hate speech, et cetera.
    • Usernames that refer to a medical condition or disability, especially in a belittling way.
    • Usernames that include slurs, or references to reproductive or excretory bodily functions.

A username that is inappropriate in another language or one that includes misspellings and substitutions such as through Leetspeak may still be considered inappropriate in general.

用戶名如果唔符合其中一個一般嘅原因,唔應該當咗無恰當嘅用戶名:最緊要就係用常理(common sense)判斷。遇到擲界嘅情況,最好問咗其他人嘅意見,先好封鎖個用戶名。舉個例,唔係逢親有「Jimbo」喺個用戶名入面就係想扮做 占美威爾斯:呢度可能有好多人都係叫Jimbo。

舉報唔恰當嘅用戶名[編輯]

除非一個用戶名擺到明唔符合呢個用戶名政策,未有任何動作之前唔好請求封鎖住。

見到好明顯唔恰當嘅用戶名嘅時候,請去Wikipedia:管理員留言板度同管理員講, and can be blocked on sight by any administrator. In these cases it is frequently useful to disable account creation, if the username is believed to have been created in bad faith.

The starting place to discuss a questionable (but not clearly inappropriate) username is on the user's talk page, explaining the problem and suggesting that they change their username. Remember that users may not be native speakers of English, and may be unaware of causing offense. If that doesn't resolve the issue, then report the name at Wikipedia:Requests for comment/Usernames, and notify the user that you are doing so. In this process, other users comment on the appropriateness of the name. If after discussion, consensus is that the name is inappropriate, an administrator can block the account. For such blocks, the option to "disable account creation" should not be used, allowing the user to pick another name.

改名[編輯]

用戶名可以俾bureaucrats改。你可以喺Wikipedia:改用戶名申請。如果你編輯得好少,咁開過一個新名嘅新戶口可能會更快靚正。

以前響討論頁度簽過嘅名會顯示翻舊嘅名。如果你好唔想舊嘅簽名繼續喺可見嘅頁顯示,你可以修改嗰頁清走佢。(你嘅舊名重會喺 diffs 同舊版本嘅頁面度睇到)

Deleting your account[編輯]

Accounts with contributions cannot be deleted since this would allow another user to create the account, and claim authorship of those edits. It is not possible for your edits to be removed entirely; for this reason, removing the account would potentially violate copyrights by allowing for such authorship claims.

However, you may request your user and talk page to be deleted, as explained at Wikipedia:User page.

Sharing accounts[編輯]

For reasons of attribution and accountability, you are not allowed to share your account or password with others. If you do, and this becomes known, your account will be blocked. Please also note that "role accounts" associated with an office, position, or task are currently prohibited with the following exceptions:

Roles accounts for the purposes of conducting public relations or marketing via the encyclopedia are strongly discouraged and will be blocked for violations of the Wikipedia:Conflict of interest guidelines.

Using multiple accounts[編輯]

睇埋:Wikipedia:Sock puppetry

It is recommended that users not edit under multiple usernames, except with good reason. For example, prominent users might create a new account in order to experience how the community functions for new users, or users editing under their real name may want an alternate pseudonymous account for editing articles they would not want their real name associated with. Also, users running a bot are expected to run this under an alternative account. If you use multiple accounts, it is recommended that you explain this on your user page. Templates such as {{User Alternate Acct|main account}} and {{User Alt Acct Master}} can be used for this purpose.

Policies apply per person, not per account. Using a second account for policy violations will cause any penalties to be applied to both accounts. Users who are banned or blocked from editing may not use sock puppets to circumvent this. Evading a block or ban causes the timer on the block to restart, and may further lengthen it.

Sockpuppetry[編輯]

You are not allowed to create multiple accounts in order to make your opinion seem more prevalent than it actually is. This is known as sockpuppetry. Examples of such policy violations include attempting to vote twice in a poll, agreeing with your other account in a deletion discussion, and engaging in revert wars using multiple accounts.

In rare cases, users with a particular point of view have created sockpuppets to act as if they held the opposite point of view. Generally such sockpuppets behave badly in order to make "their" POV look bad, or make straw man arguments that the puppeteer can easily refute with his main account. These are known as "straw man sockpuppets" and are likewise prohibited.

Dealing with violations[編輯]

Sock puppet accounts operating in violation of this policy should be blocked indefinitely; the main account may be blocked at the discretion of any administrator. Non-administrators may list the accounts at Wikipedia:Suspected sock puppets or Wikipedia:Administrator intervention against vandalism. Difficult cases where the nature and extent of sockpuppetry is unclear and where there is an ongoing problem may be listed at Wikipedia:Requests for checkuser for investigation.

Single-purpose accounts[編輯]

A single-purpose account is an account that only does one particular thing on Wikipedia, or only exists to push a single opinion (as opposed to regular editors, that tend to edit and discuss in a variety of areas). Such accounts are not forbidden, and indeed may be novice editors who will grow interested in other topics over time. Still, a single-purpose account may be a red flag for sockpuppetry. Experienced users are expected to assume good faith and be nice to these. See also Wikipedia:Single-purpose account.

Checkuser[編輯]

Where it is unclear whether or not sock puppetry is in progress, server log information can be consulted. To comply with Wikimedia Foundation privacy policy, this is limited to a handful of users and only done in serious cases, with reasonable cause, to check if user A is the same as user B based upon some evidence. "Fishing" – or general trawling of users in a debate for possible sockpuppets – is not supported and requests for such checks are unlikely to be agreed to. Requests may be made at Request for CheckUser.

Tagging identified sock puppets[編輯]

If an account has been shown to be a sock puppet used for policy violations, then it may be identified as such, by adding {{SockpuppetProven}} to the user page and {{sockblock}} to the talk page of the sock puppet account. There are four tags available, one for violations confirmed by Checkuser, another for other forms of confirmed sockpuppet use, a third for suspected violations, and the fourth is the suspected IP addresses:

  • {{SockpuppetCheckuser|Username|Optional name of CheckUser case (what is after Wikipedia:Requests for checkuser/Case/)}}
  • {{SockpuppetProven|1=Username|evidence=[[EvidenceLink]]}}. "EvidenceLink" can be replaced with something such as "[[Wikipedia:Suspected sock puppets/Username]]":
  • {{Sockpuppet|1=Username|evidence=[[EvidenceLink]]}}
  • {{IPsock|1=Username|evidence=[[EvidenceLink]]}}

The original or best-known account of a user that operates sock puppets may be tagged with {{Sockpuppeteer}}. Note that this tag is intended for abusive sock puppets and should not be used on the pages of people whose legitimate multiple accounts have not been blocked.

Meatpuppets[編輯]

Sometimes, multiple individuals create new accounts specifically to participate in, or influence, a particular discussion. This is common in deletion discussions or controversial articles. These may be friends of another editor or article subject, or may have been solicited by someone to support a specific angle in a debate. This practice of external solicitation is considered unacceptable.

Such accounts are known as "meatpuppets". Since they are hard to distinguish from sockpuppets, they are treated similarly. When there is uncertainty whether a party is one user with sockpuppets, or several users acting as meatpuppets, they may be treated as one individual.

Doppelganger accounts[編輯]

It is acceptable to pre-emptively create another account with a username similar to one's own, with the purpose of preventing impersonation by vandals. Such accounts are called doppelganger accounts. They should be marked with the {{doppelganger}} or {{doppelganger-other}} tag, or simply redirected to one's own userpage. Such accounts should not be used for editing.

See also[編輯]