棉花糖實驗

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去導覽 跳去搵嘢
棉花糖實驗:「小弟弟/小妹妹,我都知呢粒包咗朱古力棉花糖望落好好食。而家我行開 15 分鐘,如果你可以忍住唔食粒糖忍到我返嚟為止,我就送成大包噉嘅糖俾你。」

棉花糖實驗英文marshmallow experiment),全名史丹福棉花糖實驗Stanford marshmallow experiment),係一種常用於人類細路身上嘅心理實驗,成日俾人攞嚟研究延遲滿足相關嘅課題[1]

做法[編輯]

喺呢個實驗裏面,研究員會將一個細路帶入去一間實驗室入面,俾個細路喺張檯前面坐低,檯上面有一隻碟,碟上面擺咗粒望落好好食嘅棉花糖喺度;跟住個研究員會同個細路講,話自己要行開 15 分鐘,再同個細路(如實噉)話如果佢可以一路忍住唔去食粒糖,一路忍到個研究員返嚟為止嘅話,噉個研究員就會送一大包同一樣樣嘅糖(或者第樣個細路鍾意想要嘅嘢)俾佢;同時個研究員嘅同事會監察住個細路,睇吓個細路可以抗拒「郁手去食粒綿花糖嘅慾望」抗拒到幾耐[1][2]

心理病相關[編輯]

實證研究表明,有過度活躍症嘅細路-已知佢哋係零舍衝動-冇一般嘅細路咁能夠忍住唔去食粒糖[3]

睇埋[編輯]

[編輯]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mischel, W; Shoda, Y; Rodriguez, M. (26 May 1989). "Delay of gratification in children" (PDF). Science. 244 (4907): 933-938.
  2. Mischel, Walter; Ebbesen, Ebbe B. (1970). "Attention in delay of gratification". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 16 (2): 329-337.
  3. Neef, N A; Bicard, D F; Endo, S (2001). "Assessment of impulsivity and the development of self-control in students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder". Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 34 (4): 397-408.