出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢
en:Wikipedia:How to read a taxoboxHow to read a taxobox
鼠總科
化石年代:中始新世至今
普通田鼠 Microtus arvalis
普通田鼠 Microtus arvalis
物種分類
動物界 Animalia
脊索動物門 Chordata
哺乳綱 Mammalia
囓齒目 Rodentia
Superfamily: '鼠'總科 Muroidea
Illiger,1811年

(睇內文)

,即鼠總科Muroidea),又叫老鼠,係一種屬於囓齒類總科,包含倉鼠沙鼠大鼠小鼠,以及其他親緣動物。由於難以測定各個分類群之間嘅關係,因此亦有文獻將所有鼠總科歸入鼠科(Muridae)之下。目前依據分子種系發生學研究所作出嘅次分類,共有大概280個,以及至少1300個

鼠廣泛分佈喺南極洲以外各個大陸。佢哋係少數同人類保持密切聯繫而繁盛嘅動物類群之一,幾乎世界各國都有,部分亦係重要嘅生物學模式生物,對人類嘅實驗同研究有好大幫助。除此之外,某啲鼠類亦可以做寵物鼠

分類[編輯]

鼠科種類:

文化[編輯]

中華文化中嘅鼠[編輯]

香港九龍寨城公園十二生肖像之鼠

鼠喺中國傳統嘅十二生肖排第一,對應地支中嘅。中國嘅生肖鼠主要指家鼠

睇埋[編輯]

參考[編輯]

  • Jansa, Sharon. A. & Weksler, Marcelo (2004), "[[1]]([[:Phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by IRBP gene sequences:{{{3}}}|phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by irbp gene sequences版]])", Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(1): 256-276, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.002, <http://www.faculty.uaf.edu/ffmw1/pdfs/jansa.2004.pdf> .
  • Michaux, Johan; Reyes, Aurelio & Catzeflis, François (2001), "[[2]]([[:Evolutionary History of the Most Speciose Mammals: Molecular Phylogeny of Muroid Rodents:{{{3}}}|evolutionary history of the most speciose mammals: molecular phylogeny of muroid rodents版]])", Molecular Biology and Evolution 18(11): 2017-2031, ISSN 0737-4038, <http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/18/11/2017> .
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 1993. Family Muridae. Pp. 501-755 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. Pp. 894-1531 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Norris, R. W., K. Y. Zhou, C. Q. Zhou, G. Yang, C. W. Kilpatrick, and R. L. Honeycutt. 2004. The phylogenetic position of the zokors (Myospalacinae) and comments on the families of muroids (Rodentia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 31:972-978.
  • Steppan, Scott; Adkins, Ronald & Anderson, Joel (2004), "[[3]]([[:Phylogeny and Divergence-Date Estimates of Rapid Radiations in Muroid Rodents Based on Multiple Nuclear Genes:{{{3}}}|phylogeny and divergence-date estimates of rapid radiations in muroid rodents based on multiple nuclear genes版]])", Systematic Biology 53(4): 533-553, doi:10.1080/10635150490468701, ISSN 1063-5157, <http://bio.fsu.edu/~steppan/Steppan_et_al_Muroidea_2004.pdf> .
十二生肖
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