馬紀斯

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
(由瑪律克斯跳轉過來)
跳去: 定向搵嘢
馬紀斯
Gabriel García Márquez
出世 Gabriel José de la Concordia García
Márquez
1927年3月6號
哥倫比亞 哥倫比亞阿拉卡他卡英文Aracataca
2014年4月17號(87歲)
Flag of Mexico.svg 墨西哥墨西哥城
職業 記者小說家
國籍 哥倫比亞 哥倫比亞
體裁 小說
魔幻現實主義
名作 百年孤獨
1972年新城國際文學奬
1982年諾貝爾文學獎
配偶 美舍地斯·巴查(Mercedes Barcha;
1958~)
父母 賈夫利耶·哈斯亞(Gabriel García)
路易莎·馬紀斯(Luisa Márquez)
仔女 羅迪里賀(Rodrigo;1959~)
干沙羅(Gonzalo;1961~)
受影響 笛福[1]卡夫卡[2]喬伊斯[3]伍爾芙[3]福克納[4]海明威[5]
影響咗 莫言
馬紀斯
諾貝爾獎得主 諾貝爾獎
得獎年:1982年
獎類:諾貝爾文學獎
得獎理由:For his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts.[6](譯:佢嘅小說、短篇故事中,現實同奇幻交融,構築出一個想像豐富嘅世界,反照出一片大陸嘅生活、爭鬥實相。)
夏灣拿簽書嘅馬紀斯

賈夫利耶·哈斯亞·馬紀斯粵拼gaa2 fu1 lei6 je4 haa1 si1 aa3 maa5 gei5 si1 [註 1]西班牙文個快撈 Gabriel García Márquez ,美洲西班牙文音標:[ɡaˈβɾjel ɣarˈsi.a ˈmarkes]1927年3月6號2014年4月17號[7][8]),喺哥倫比亞出世,係作家小說家記者社會活動家拉丁美洲魔幻現實主義文學嘅代表人物,20世紀最有影響力嘅作家之一,1982年諾貝爾文學獎得主。代表作有《百年孤獨》(1967)、《霍亂時期的愛情》(1985)等。佢嘅作品大多以虛構城鎮馬干多(Macondo)做古仔嘅主場。

[編輯]

  1. 中國大陸譯加夫列爾·加西亞·馬爾克斯、香港譯賈布列爾·賈西亞·馬奎斯、臺灣譯加布列·賈西亞·馬奎斯。全名:Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez,粵譯全名:賈夫利耶·何西·地·拉·干哥地亞·哈斯哈·馬紀斯

參考[編輯]

  1. [1]"The Journal of the Plague Year by Daniel Defoe"
  2. [2]" At the university in Bogotá, I started making new friends and acquaintances, who introduced me to contemporary writers. One night a friend lent me a book of short stories by Franz Kafka. I went back to the pension where I was staying and began to read The Metamorphosis. The first line almost knocked me off the bed."
  3. 3.0 3.1 [3]"I had never read Joyce, so I started reading Ulysses. I read it in the only Spanish edition available. Since then, after having read Ulysses in English as well as a very good French translation, I can see that the original Spanish translation was very bad. But I did learn something that was to be very useful to me in my future writing—the technique of the interior monologue. I later found this in Virginia Woolf, and I like the way she uses it better than Joyce."
  4. [4]"I’m not sure whether I had already read Faulkner or not, but I know now that only a technique like Faulkner’s could have enabled me to write down what I was seeing. The atmosphere, the decadence, the heat in the village were roughly the same as what I had felt in Faulkner. It was a banana-plantation region inhabited by a lot of Americans from the fruit companies which gave it the same sort of atmosphere I had found in the writers of the Deep South. Critics have spoken of the literary influence of Faulkner, but I see it as a coincidence: I had simply found material that had to be dealt with in the same way that Faulkner had treated similar material."
  5. [5]" My influence had been Faulkner; now it was Hemingway."
  6. 諾貝爾獎官網─歷年文學獎得主. 諾貝爾奬委員會. . 喺2015年4月21號搵到; (英文). 
  7. Gabriel García Márquez Turns 80. BBC News. 2007年3月6號. 2008年3月30號 查過。.
  8. 諾貝爾文學獎得主 馬奎斯辭世. 中央社. 2014年4月17號. 2014年4月18號 查過。.