紐賓士域 (紐澤西州)

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紐澤西州紐賓士域
紐賓士域市
綽號:Hub City, The Healthcare City
左邊:美度石士縣入邊紐賓士域嘅位置 右邊:紐澤西州入邊美度石士縣嘅位置
左邊:美度石士縣入邊紐賓士域嘅位置
右邊:紐澤西州入邊美度石士縣嘅位置
美國人口調查局嘅紐澤西州紐賓士域地圖
美國人口調查局嘅紐澤西州紐賓士域地圖
國家  美國
Template:New Jersey旗資料
美度石士縣
Established 1730年12月30號
Incorporated 1784年9月1號
命名為 德國Braunschweig市或者英王佐治二世
政府
 • 類型 Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)英文Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • 行政機構 市議會
 • 市長 James M. CahillD,2018年12月31號任期屆滿)[1]
 • Administrator Thomas A. Loughlin, III[2]
 • Municipal clerk Daniel A. Torrisi[3]
面積[4]
 • 總計 5.789 平方英里 (14.995 平方公里)
 • 陸地 5.227 平方英里 (13.539 平方公里)
 • 水域 0.562 平方英里 (1.456 平方公里)  9.71%
面積排名 州入邊排第264位(總共566位)
縣入邊排第14位(總共25位)[4]
海拔[5] 62 英尺 (19 米)
人口2010美國人口普查[6][7]
 • 總計 55,181
 • 估計 (2016) 56,910
 • 排名 州入邊排第27位(總共566位)
縣入邊排第5位(總共25位)[8]
 • 密度 10,556.4/平方英里 (4,075.8/平方公里)
 • 密度排名 州入邊排第34位(總共566位)
縣入邊排第2位(總共25位)[8]
時區 美國東部時間UTC−5
 • 夏令時間 美國東部夏令時UTC−4
ZIP Codes 08901–08906, 08933, 08989[9][10]
電話區號 732/848 and 908[11]
FIPS code 3402351210[4][12][13]
GNIS feature ID 0885318[4][14]
網站 www.cityofnewbrunswick.org
紐賓士域係美度石士縣政府駐地。

紐賓士域粵拼nau2 ban1 si6 wik6英文New Brunswick)係美國紐澤西州城市,係美度石士縣英文Middlesex County, New Jersey政府駐地。[16]

紐賓士域喺曼哈頓西南方向43公里(27英里),喺Raritan河英文Raritan River南岸。根據2010年美國人口普查,紐賓士域嘅人口係55,181[6][7],比2000年普查結果48,573多咗6,608(增長13.6%)[17]

羅格斯大學就喺紐賓士域。而因為周邊聚集咗好多醫學機構,包括Robert Wood Johnson大學醫院Saint Peter's大學醫院,以及羅格斯大學醫學院同紐澤西州立大學Robert Wood Johnson醫學院,所以紐賓士域又叫做「the Hub City」。[18][19]有幾間國際藥企嘅集團總部同生產設施亦喺呢個城市,譬如強生百時美施貴寶

紐賓士域嘅多元種族亦幾特別。舊時試過紐澤西四分一嘅匈牙利裔人口都住喺呢個城市,1930年代,呢個城市每三個居民就有一個係匈牙利裔。[20]時至今日,都仲有匈牙利社群住响處,亦有越來越多亞裔同拉丁裔社區喺Robert Wood Johnson大學醫院附近嘅French街周圍發展起身。

[編輯]

名嘅來源[編輯]

今日紐賓士域呢個地頭,最早係Lenape族嘅美洲土著喺度生活。呢度第一個歐洲人定居點喺1681年建立,先係叫做「Prigmore's Swamp」(1681–1697),之後叫做「Inian's Ferry」(1691–1714)。[21]1714年,呢個定居點改名紐賓士域,個名係源自德國下薩克森Braunschweig市(低地德語叫做「Brunswick」)Braunschweig市喺當時嘅漢莎同盟同後來嘅神聖羅馬帝國好有影響力,亦係Duchy of Hanover(後來嘅Principality of Hanover)一個行政中心。紐澤西殖民地紐賓士域定居點成立之後無耐,漢諾威王朝(又叫做「House of Brunswick」)嘅Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg兼漢諾威選帝侯,佐治,登基成為英王佐治一世(1660-1727)。呢個城市個名亦可以話係源自英王佐治二世,亦即係Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg。[22][23]

殖民地時期及美國建國初期[編輯]

紐賓士域地處紐約市費城之間,喺一條叫做「King's Highway」嘅早期道路(南卡羅萊納州Charleston麻省波士頓)旁邊,又喺Raritan河邊,所以紐賓士域成為一個重要商埠,服務美洲殖民地嘅旅客同商人。紐賓士域喺1736年成立鎮法團(英文incorporated as a town),喺1784年成為特許城市(英文chartered as a city)。[24]根據1798年Township Act,紐賓士域喺1798年歸入鎮法團(英文incorporated into a town)。美國獨立戰爭嗰時,喺1776年12月到1777年6月,紐賓士域俾英國佔領。[25]

美國黑人社群[編輯]

黑人社群喺18世紀尾出現。1810年美國人口普查列咗53個自由黑人同164個黑人奴隸。Morris街39號嘅錫安山African Methodist Episcopal Church,1825年成立,原先喺Division街25號,係紐澤西最古老嘅黑人教會之一。[36]

匈牙利裔社群[編輯]

The Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick組織嘅1956年匈牙利革命週年紀念活動

拉丁裔社群[編輯]

紐賓士域人口有大約50%自稱係拉丁裔,比例係紐澤西州城市入邊第14高。[6][37]由1960年代開始,好多拉丁美洲嘅人來到紐賓士域生活。1970年代,好多市民喺波多黎各移民過來。1980年代,好多人由多米尼加共和國移民過來,之後仲有來自危地馬拉洪都拉斯厄瓜多爾墨西哥嘅。

舊區重建[編輯]

起緊嘅The Gateway
College Avenue新舊建築

地理[編輯]

根據美國美國人口調查局,紐賓士域市總面積係5.789平方英里(14.995 km2),包括5.227平方英里(13.539 km2)嘅土地同0.562平方英里(1.456 km2)嘅水域(水域率9.71%)。[4][15]紐賓士域屬於Raritan河谷(紐澤西境內一連串嘅城市)。佢同Piscataway鎮、Highland Park、Edison鎮以及Franklin鎮(Somerset郡)一樣都係喺Raritan河谷嘅南邊。佢亦喺紐華克同紐約市嘅西南邊,特倫頓同費城嘅東北邊。

氣候[編輯]

市政廳(City Hall)
紐賓士域NJ Transit火車站嘅南行月台。背景係Easton Avenue嘅University Center。
紐賓士域火車站全景(望向紐約市方向)

知名人物[編輯]

Phil Radford美國綠色和平前執行董事
前NFL四分衛Joe Theismann

喺紐賓士域出世,或者喺度生活過,或者同紐賓士域有緊密聯繫嘅人,包括:

姊妹城市[編輯]

紐賓士域有四個姊妹城市,根據Sister Cities International英文Sister Cities International所列:[110][111]

參考[編輯]

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