出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢
原子筆

係寫嘢、畫嘢嘅架生,由有長條狀、7 - 20 cm 長嘅筆身筆杆,加埋出會固態或液態顏色筆嘴組成。筆大至以出嘅顏色嘅物料、用途為分類嘅基礎。

歷史[編輯]

第一支筆[編輯]

冇人知一支「筆」幾時出現,筆同畫嘢寫字有唔可分割嘅關係,最早畫或寫嘅嘢間接暗示一支筆嘅出現。而家搵倒最早嘅「畫」就係響公元前三萬到二萬年嘅洞穴壁畫,響西班牙山窿 Cueva de las Monedas 裏面嘅壁畫就有 32,000 年嘅歷史,呢啲畫用上 red and yellow ochre, hematite, manganese oxide and charcoal。我哋一啲都唔難想像啲原始人要用架生將啲顏色整上篷牆度,呢啲架生好可能就係第一枝「筆」。

The early known written text could be traced back to the Sumerian, that is 6000 B.C.E. The Cuneiform script, the first written language, was "written" on the clay tablet using a "stylus". Those tools our ancessors used cannot considered as what we today think as pen. They are rather the precussor of pen.

In the meantime, the development of pen was parallel yet independent in many culture. China for example, developed a very different writing instrument for their needs. Chinese brush (毛筆) was the answer to writing for need for the Chinese.

毛筆[編輯]

The oldest exciting Chinese brush were found on the 春秋戰國時期的古墓 in 1953 on 湖南長沙市左家公山. The basic of the Chinese brush consists of bamboo boby and the rabbit hair tip which absorbs "ink" and release it as it has contact with the written surface.

Ancient Time[編輯]

Marked by the perfect Chinese brush in the East and the Feather pen in the West. For thousand years, those technologies evolved little.

Modern Time[編輯]

The modern time demarcates the pen truly portable, reliable and usable pen. The creation of ball pen and feel tip marker is the milestone of the development.

墨水筆[編輯]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fountain_pen#History

http://www.classicwoodpens.com/fphistory.htm

http://www.rickconner.net/penspotters/history.html

箱頭筆[編輯]

世界上第一支箱頭筆嘅牌子係“probablythe felt tip marker”,係喺1940年發明嘅。佢主要係用嚟記嘢同藝術性嘅應用。喺1952年,Sidney Rosenthal開始了行銷他的"魔術箱頭筆(Magic Marker)",支筆有個用嚟擺墨嘅玻璃瓶同理毛茸茸嘅筆芯。喺1958 年以前,標誌用途變得共同, 並且人們使用了它為字法,標記, 標記的包裹,和創造海報。 (By 1958,marker use was becoming common,and people used it for lettering,labelling,marking packages,and creating posters。)

Highlighters and fine-line markers were first seen in the 1970's。Permanent markers also became available around this time。Superfine-points and dry erase markers gained popularity in the 1990's。

http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blpen.htm

種類[編輯]

唔係筆嘅筆[編輯]

有啲叫筆嘅嘢,但係唔係寫嘢畫嘢用嘅:

  • 鐵筆:撬嘢用嘅架生;
  • 排筆:油用嘅掃;
  • 眉筆:化粧用嘅筆;
  • 脣膏筆:脣膏加顏色筆嘅殼,化粧用;
  • 噴筆:噴槍嘅一種…

文化上[編輯]

因為筆通常都係直嘅,所以個【筆】字就有時會用嚟加強「」嘅意思,例如【筆直】、「西裝筆挺」等。

參考[編輯]