Wikipedia:政策與指引

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢

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維基百科嘅政策
文章嘅標準
中立嘅觀點
有根有據
非原創研究
唔啱維基百科嘅嘢
講在生嘅人
同維基友合作
假定善意
文明嘅編輯方式
共識
唔好人身攻擊
處理拗撬
      

維基百科發展咗一套政策與指南,咁多年來幫咗助我地步向我地嘅共同單一目標:

Our goal with Wikipedia is to create a free encyclopedia. Hence it is common on Wikipedia for policy itself to be debated on talk pages, on Wikipedia: namespace pages, on the mailing lists, on Meta Wikimedia, and on IRC chat. Everyone is welcome to participate. / 譯:
「 我哋響維 基百科嘅目標係整本自由嘅百科全書。所以喺討論版、計劃空間、電郵、元維基、互聯網駁信管度 辯論 維基百科政策好尋常。歡迎大家參與。」 ----Larry Sanger

雖然我們哋會尊重大家嘅共識維基百科唔係民主組織,管理亦有時前後不一。 Hence there is disagreement between those who believe rules should be explicitly stated and those who feel that written rules are inherently inadequate to cover every possible variation of problematic or disruptive behavior. In either case, a user who acts against the spirit of our written policies may be reprimanded, even if technically no rule has been violated.

However those who edit in good faith, show civility, seek consensus, and work towards the goal of creating a great encyclopedia should find a welcoming environment. Wikipedia greatly appreciates additions that help all people.

關鍵政策

你唔使睇完維基百科每項政策先開始寫嘢。 However, the following policies are particularly important to the project, and the sooner you understand and use them, the better:

  1. 維基百科係部百科全書. Its goals go no further, and material that does not fit this goal must be moved to another 維基媒體 project or removed altogether. (See What Wikipedia is not)
  2. 尊重 other contributors. Wikipedia contributors come from many different countries and cultures, and have widely different views. Treating others with respect is key to collaborating effectively in building an encyclopedia. (See Wikipedia:Civility, Wikipedia:Etiquette, Dispute resolution.)
  3. 唔好侵犯版權 維基百科係部自由嘅百科全書 licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. Submitting work which infringes copyrights threatens our objective to build a truly free encyclopedia that anyone can redistribute, and could lead to legal problems. (See Wikipedia copyrights) (This too is a Foundation issue that applies to all Wikimedia Foundation projects.)
  4. 避開偏見 Articles should be written from a neutral point of view, representing all views on a subject, factually and objectively, in an order which is agreeable to a common consensus. (This is a Foundation issue that applies to all Wikimedia Foundation projects.)

幾種精華版

推薦次序:

  1. 五柱: a quick rundown of the 5 key rules you need to start editing. Don't worry, it's easy.
  2. 簡化規矩: 16 rules of thumb to help you avoid problems.
  3. 政策一覽: A comprehensive list of the 42 official policies with very quick summaries.

Every policy and guideline is listed in one of the following categories:

程序問題

How are policies started?

Policy change now comes from three sources:

  • The codification of current convention and common practice. These are proposals that document the way Wikipedia works. Of course, a single user cannot dictate what common practice is, but writing down the common results of a well-used process is a good way of making policy.
  • A proposed policy being adopted by consensus. (See Wikipedia:How to create policy). These are usually proposals to change the way Wikipedia works.
  • Declarations from Jimmy Wales, the Board, or the Developers, particularly for copyright, legal issues, or server load.

Currently proposed and previously rejected policies can be found in these categories:

政策、 指引、評論文(essay)等嘅分別

  • A 指引 is any page that is: (1) actionable and (2) authorized by consensus. Guidelines are not set in stone and should be treated with common sense and the occasional exception. Amendments to a guideline should be discussed on its talk page, not on a new page - although it's generally acceptable to edit a guideline to improve it. People are sometimes tempted to call a vote on a guideline, but this is a bad idea because it polarizes the issue (see WP:VIE for details). Instead, a guideline is made by listening to objections and resolving them.
  • A 政策 is similar to a guideline, only more official and less likely to have exceptions. As with guidelines, amendments should generally be discussed on their talk pages, but are sometimes forked out if large in scope. One should not generally edit policy without seeking consensus first.
  • A process is a central and organized way of doing things, generally following certain policies or guidelines (e.g. the "deletion policy" tells us how the "deletion process" works)
  • A proposal is any suggested guideline, policy or process for which no consensus has been reached, as long as discussion is ongoing. Amendments to a proposal should be discussed on its talk page (not on a new page) but it generally is acceptable to edit a proposal to improve it. Proposals should be advertised to solicit feedback and to reach a consensus. A proposal's status is not determined by counting votes, but a straw poll is one tool that may be used to help gauge opinions and shape the accompanying discussion. Polling is not a substitute for discussion, nor is a poll's numerical outcome tantamount to consensus.
    • A historical page is any proposal for which consensus is unclear, where discussion has died out for whatever reason. Historical pages also include any process no longer in use, or any non-recent log of any process. Historical pages can be revived by advertising them.
    • A rejected page is any proposal for which consensus support is not present. Consensus need not be fully opposed; if consensus is neutral on the issue and unlikely to improve, the proposal is likewise rejected. Making small changes will not change this fact, nor will repetitive arguments. Generally it is wiser to rewrite a rejected proposal from scratch and start in a different direction.
  • A feature request is anything that requires a change to the Wikipedia software. These should be filed on Bugzilla. One should never assume the developers will implement something without asking them first. Thus, if you propose something that requires a feature request to work, discuss with the devs first before asking community opinion on an issue that may turn out to be moot.
  • A how-to or help page is any instructive page that tells people how to do things. These will of course be edited by people who have suggestions on how to do things differently.
  • An essay is any page that is not actionable or instructive, regardless of whether it's authorized by consensus. Essays tend to be opinionated. Essays need not be proposed or advertised, you can simply write them, as long as you understand that you do not generally speak for the entire community. If you do not want other people to reword your essay, put it in your userspace.

政策點執行?

You are a Wikipedia editor. Since Wikipedia has no editor-in-chief or top-down article approval mechanism, active participants make copyedits and corrections to the format and content problems they see. So the participants are both writers and editors.

Individual users thus enforce most policies and guidelines by editing pages, and discussing matters with each other. Some policies, such as Vandalism, are enforced by Administrators by blocking users. In extreme cases the Arbitration Committee has the power to deal with highly disruptive situations, as part of the general dispute resolution procedure.

Some features of the software which could potentially be misused, such as deleting pages and locking pages from editing, are restricted to Administrators, who are experienced and trusted members of the community. See Wikipedia:Administrators' reading list for further information.

指引

除咗上述普遍受認可嘅政策之外,有一大片被提出過嘅政策已經俾 Wikipedians 採用咗。 These are used to provide guidance in various situations that arise on Wikipedia. They cover everything from naming conventions and sensitive terms that should be avoided to how to get along, and why not to bite the newcomers.

Other essays and discussions about Wikipedia

  • The Meta-Wikipedia site contains many articles about Wikipedia and related topics in a more editorial style.
  • Creating how-to articles in Wikipedia.
  • Wikipedia:Centralized discussion has a number of discussions to establish consensus on whether some groups of articles should or should not be included in Wikipedia. These policies should be upheld by all users.

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