粵文拉丁化

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去: 定向搵嘢

粵文拉丁化(粵語:Jyut6 man4 laai1 ding1 faa3),又叫做「拉丁化粵文」或者「粵文羅馬化」,係近年嚟有關將粵語文章用拉丁字母加注音嚟寫嘅方案。同廣東話拼音唔同,粵文拉丁化方案直頭主張用拉丁字母嚟將粵語寫低,而唔係只係用拉丁字母喺電腦度拼粵字[1]

粵文拉丁化嘅呼聲喺廣州撐粵語行動之後達到高潮。支持者認為粵文拉丁化可以幫到向全世界推廣粵語。不過而家重未有統一嘅粵文拉丁化方案。

粵文拉丁化同粵人民族主義有深厚關係。遠古時代統始嶺南地區嘅南越國漢朝打冧咗之後,嶺南地區嘅人就開始畀北方中國人(有時係夾硬咁)同化。直到而家,北方嘅中國人好多時都重係會覺得南方嘅各個族群一講提倡本土語言文化就係等於作反。

妥協方案[編輯]

亦都有人提倡學日文咁樣用好幾種書寫系統去寫同一種語言,例如日本話入面「好鍾意你」有至少三種寫法:

漢字平假名:貴方 が 大好き。

淨係用平假名:あなた が だいすき。

平假名加片假名:アナタ が だいすき。

呢三句句子喺日本話入面嘅讀音完全一樣,都係「Anata ga daisuki」。日本人喺寫自己想講嘅野嗰陣可以跟個人喜好或者場合,自由咁揀鍾意嘅寫法。甚至有啲日本人會直接用拉丁字母寫「Anata ga daisuki」。同一道理,粵文都可以用拉丁字母或者漢字加粵字嚟寫。粵人大可以兩種書寫系統都教,然後畀人按自己喜好同場合揀用邊種寫法好。

例子[編輯]

出名嘅粵語民歌「南海潮」嘅歌詞,用漢字同拉丁字母寫分別係:

漢字版[編輯]

紅霞滿灑粵天東破曉,
蒸蒸日上序華章,
紅棉紫荊又添千百朶,
欣欣萬世象。
我見江潮依然推起那舢板,
卻是穿過玉宇瓊樓新靚景,
我叫海潮波濤不要這洶湧,
隔住一片萬里大洋歸心切。

拉丁字母版(數字表示聲調[編輯]

Hung4 haa4 mun5 saa2 jyut6 tin1 dong1 po3 hiu2,
Zing1 zing1 jat6 soeng5 zeoi6 waa4 zoeng1,
Hung4 min4 zi2 ging1 jau6 tim1 cin1 baak3 do3,
Jan1 jan1 maan6 sai3 zoeng6.
Ngo5 gin3 gong1 ciu4 ji1 jin4 teoi1 hei2 naa5 saan1 baan2,
Koek3 si6 cyun1 gwo3 juk6 jyu5 king4 lau4 san1 leng3 ging2,
Ngo5 giu3 hoi2 ciu4 bo1 tou4 bat1 jiu3 ze5 hung1 jung2,
Gaak3 zyu6 jat1 pin3 maan6 lei5 daai6 joeng4 gwai1 sam1 cit3.

參考[編輯]

  1. Jyut Dim (2007). "拉丁化粵文嘅探索之路". 粵語協會. 

    TemplateData[編輯]

    This template formats a citation to an article in a magazine or journal, using the provided source information (e.g. journal name, author, title, issue, URL) and various formatting options.

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    呢個模有特定格式。

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    Others others

    Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

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    Title title

    The title of the article; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.

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    For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

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    An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

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    URL urlURL

    The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

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    https://www.nytimes.com/...
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    Format format

    Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

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    Department department

    Department within the periodical

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    Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

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    Name of the publisher; displays after title

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    Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

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    Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

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    Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

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    An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

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    biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

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    CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

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    DOI doi

    Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

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    The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

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    International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

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    International Standard Serial Number (print); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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    International Standard Serial Number (online); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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    jfm code jfm

    Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

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    JSTOR identifier

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    Library of Congress Control Number

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    Mathematical Reviews identifier

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    Online Computer Library Center number

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    Open Library identifier

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    Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

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    PubMed Center article number

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    PubMed Unique Identifier

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    Request for Comments number

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    Social Science Research Network

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    Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

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    A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

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    Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

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    字串 可選
    Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

    The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    可選
    Archive date archive-datearchivedate

    Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    日子 可選
    URL access date access-dateaccessdate

    The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    日子 可選
    Registration registration

    If the reference requires registration, type 'yes' to notify the reader.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    Subscription subscription

    If the reference requires a subscription, type 'yes' to notify the reader.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    Lay URL lay-urllayurl

    URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    可選
    Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

    Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    Lay date lay-datelaydate

    Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    日子 可選
    Quote quote

    Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    內容 可選
    Postscript postscript

    The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

    預設
    .
    範例
    自動值
    可選
    Ref ref

    An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    可選
    Separator separator

    The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as   to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

    預設
    .
    範例
    自動值
    可選
    Content deliverer (i.e. Database) via

    Provider of the article (not the publisher), usually an aggregator of journal articles or a repository

    預設
    範例
    JSTOR, Project MUSE, Elsevier Science Direct
    自動值
    字串 建議
    Bibcode access level bibcode-access

    If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    DOI access level doi-access

    If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    HDL access level hdl-access

    If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    Jstor access level jstor-access

    If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    OpenLibrary access level ol-access

    If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選
    HDL access level osti-access

    If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

    預設
    範例
    自動值
    字串 可選

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