證據

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
跳去導覽 跳去搵嘢

證據粵拼zing3 geoi3英文evidence)係指俾人用嚟支撐一個論述嘅資訊,例如家陣有人唔見咗個銀包,A 先生指控話係 B 先生偷咗個銀包(論述;),然後佢哋喺 B 先生間房嗰度搵返唔見咗嘅銀包(證據;),就支撐咗 A 先生嘅論述[1]

知識論(epistemology;思考知識哲學領域)上,證據可以分做兩種,

  • 前者指「如果搵到,就可以證明個論述係真」()嘅證據,而
  • 後者就係指「如果搵到,就可以表示個論述有可能係真」()嘅證據。

證據主宰「呢個論述信唔信得過」,所以呢個概念喺好多領域上都好重要:喺科學上,研究者往往會嘗試用理論嚟解釋自己研究緊嘅現象,而喺科學方法上,一個理論實要有證據支撐先至可以俾人接受嘅-所以理解「乜嘢係證據」係學做科研嘅第一步[2];喺法律上,啲人又有對證據作出深入嘅思考-司法嘅重要一環涉及嘅就係驗證「呢個人係咪有罪」等嘅論述,所以法律領域嘅學者成日都會喺度諗同詏「喺判案嗰陣,邊啲嘢可以攞嚟做證據」或者「點樣判斷一件證據有幾強」等嘅問題[3]

睇埋[編輯]

文獻[編輯]

  • Grisez, G; Boyle, J; Finnis, J (1987). "Practical Principles, Moral Truth, and Ultimate Ends". The American Journal of Jurisprudence The American Journal of Jurisprudence. 32 (1): 99–151.

[編輯]

  1. Goldenberg, M. J. (2006). On evidence and evidence-based medicine: lessons from the philosophy of science. Social science & medicine, 62(11), 2621-2632.
  2. Giannelli, P. C., Imwinkelried, E. J., Roth, A., Moriarty, J. C., & Beety, V. E. (1986). Scientific evidence (p. 345). Charlottesville: Michie Company.
  3. American College of Forensic Examiners Institute. (2016). The Certified Criminal Investigator Body of Knowledge. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. pp. 112–113.

[編輯]

  • Evidence. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Evidence. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.