創發

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
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水分子曉變成雪花,呢樣嘢氫同氧做唔到。

創發粵拼cong3 faat3英文emergence),漢文當中又有叫湧現突發、或者呈現,喺科學哲學上係指一種現象,指一樣由好多部份組成嘅事物具有一啲佢組成部份冇嘅特性。好似係噉,水喺化學上由(hydrogen)同(oxygen)呢兩種化學元素組成,水喺正常溫度同壓力下處於液體狀態,而呢種特性係氫同氧都冇嘅(氫同氧喺正常溫度壓力下會呈氣體狀態)-水具有最少一樣氫同氧唔具有嘅特性[1][2]

創發呢個諗頭喺有關複雜系統中文复杂系统嘅科學領域上好重要。例如係生命噉,生命具有好多創發性嘅特性,例如係曉繁殖進化,而呢啲特性係 DNA 嘅組成粒子唔具有嘅,而呢個事實亦都意味住,齋靠物理學同化學研究生命嘅物理化學特性唔能夠完全噉了解生命-所以生物學(biology)呢個領域就有必要存在[3]

睇埋[編輯]

參考[編輯]

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  1. O'Connor, Timothy; Wong, Hong Yu (February 28, 2012). Edward N. Zalta (ed.). "Emergent Properties". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2012 Edition).
  2. Aristotle, Metaphysics (Aristotle), Book Η 1045a 8–10: "... the totality is not, as it were, a mere heap, but the whole is something besides the parts ...", i.e., the whole is other than the sum of the parts.
  3. Huxley, Julian S.; Huxley, Thomas Henry, Evolution and Ethics: 1893-1943, London: The Pilot Press: 120, 1947.

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