科幻

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書
(由科學幻想跳轉過來)
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1897 年一個科幻故仔當中所想像嘅外星人侵略;「外星人侵略地球」喺當時係比較嶄新嘅諗頭。

科幻粵拼fo1 waan6英文science fiction,簡稱「sci-fi」或者「SF」),粵文全名叫科學幻想,係虛構故仔嘅一個體裁,泛指一啲集中於科學同先進科技相關主題故仔。科幻故仔傾向具有以下嘅特徵:

對於科幻呢個體裁定位係點,廿世紀美國科幻大師阿西莫夫(Isaac Asimov)用以下一句嘢概括[3]

原版英文:"Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology."

粵文翻譯:科幻可以定義為文學當中專門應付人對科學同科技上嘅改變嘅嗰一個分枝。

科幻俾人稱為「計仔嘅文學」(Literature of Ideas),因為科幻作品成日會引起人對當代科學科技構思嘅思考[4]。好似係由美國著名導演史匹堡(Spielberg)執導嘅戲《人工智能》(A.I.: Artificial Intelligence)噉:呢套戲嘅主角係一個俾人類創造,用嚟俾啲冇仔女嘅夫婦有得湊細路嘅機械男仔大衛,佢由俾養母抗拒至受接納,後嚟再因為想變成一個有血有肉嘅人類而出發冒險,當中有一幕係噉嘅:大衛俾一班仇視機械人嘅人類捉咗,而當嗰班仇視機械人嘅人類打算當眾處死大衛嗰陣,圍觀嘅人見到大衛迫真嘅外形同佢嘅行為舉止,以為佢係一個真嘅人類細路而反對處死佢。呢一幕令到好多觀眾反思到底內部用金屬造但有情感嘅大衛算唔算係一個「人」-一個人工智能要點樣先算係一個「人」正正係人工智能哲學上一條受關注嘅問題[5]

子文類[編輯]

科幻有得細分做多個子文類。其中一個常見分法係按真實度分做軟科幻同硬科幻兩種:

  • 軟科幻(soft SF)指故仔入面嗰啲先進科技完全係老作嘅,根本冇現實基礎可言,而且好多時故仔內容科學上唔準確(例如連物理法則都搞唔清),出名作品有星空奇遇記(Star Trek)同星球大戰(Star Wars)等-呢啲作品有星際航行等同先進科技相關嘅主題,但喺科學上並唔準確,而且含有超自然成份,好似係星戰嘅當中嘅原力[6]
  • 硬科幻(hard SF)就啱啱相反,指個故仔入面嗰啲先進科技真係有現實基礎,甚至乎直頭係當代科學界正喺度研究緊嘅嘢,而且故仔內容盡可能做到合乎當代嘅科學,出名作品有攻殼機動隊(Ghost in the Shell)-呢個作品當中出現嘅先進科技真係當代重視嘅技術,而且主題仲涉及對當代科學問題嘅思考[7]

睇埋[編輯]

參考文獻[編輯]

  • Aldiss, Brian. Billion Year Spree: The True History of Science Fiction, 1973.
  • Aldiss, Brian, and Wingrove, David. Trillion Year Spree: The History of Science Fiction, revised and updated edition, 1986.
  • Amis, Kingsley. New Maps of Hell: A Survey of Science Fiction, 1958.
  • Barron, Neil, ed. Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Guide to Science Fiction (5th ed.). Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2004. ISBN 1-59158-171-0.
  • Broderick, Damien. Reading by Starlight: Postmodern Science Fiction. London: Routledge, 1995. Print.
  • Clute, John. Science Fiction: The Illustrated Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1995. ISBN 0-7513-0202-3.
  • Clute, John and Peter Nicholls, eds., The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. St Albans, Herts, UK: Granada Publishing, 1979. ISBN 0-586-05380-8.
  • Clute, John and Peter Nicholls, eds., The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St Martin's Press, 1995. ISBN 0-312-13486-X.
  • Disch, Thomas M. The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of. New York: The Free Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0-684-82405-5.
  • Jameson, Fredric. Archaeologies of the Future: This Desire Called Utopia and Other Science Fictions. London and New York: Verso, 2005.
  • Milner, Andrew. Locating Science Fiction. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012.
  • Raja, Masood Ashraf, Jason W. Ellis and Swaralipi Nandi. eds., The Postnational Fantasy: Essays on Postcolonialism, Cosmopolitics and Science Fiction. McFarland 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-6141-7.
  • Reginald, Robert. Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature, 1975–1991. Detroit, MI/Washington, D.C./London: Gale Research, 1992. ISBN 0-8103-1825-3.
  • Scholes, Robert E.; Rabkin, Eric S. (1977). Science fiction: history, science, vision. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-502174-5.
  • Suvin, Darko. Metamorphoses of Science Fiction: on the Poetics and History of a Literary Genre. New Haven : Yale University Press, 1979.
  • Weldes, Jutta, ed. To Seek Out New Worlds: Exploring Links between Science Fiction and World Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. ISBN 0-312-29557-X.
  • Westfahl, Gary, ed. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy: Themes, Works, and Wonders (three volumes). Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005.
  • Wolfe, Gary K. Critical Terms for Science Fiction and Fantasy: A Glossary and Guide to Scholarship. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. ISBN 0-313-22981-3.

[編輯]

  1. Saricks, J. G. (2001). The readers' advisory guide to genre fiction. American Library Association.
  2. Luckhurst, R. (2010). Science fiction. The Encyclopedia of Literary and Cultural Theory.
  3. Asimov, "How Easy to See the Future!", Natural History, 1975.
  4. Marg Gilks; Paula Fleming & Moira Allen (2003). "Science Fiction: The Literature of Ideas". WritingWorld.com.
  5. A.I. Artificial Intelligence. Great Movie.
  6. "Soft SF," Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, ed. John Clute and Peter Nicholls, 1995,
  7. Pierce, J. J. (1993). The literary experience of hard science fiction. Science Fiction Studies, 176-183.

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